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Desmond McEwan, Bruno D. Zumbo, Mark A. Eys, and Mark R. Beauchamp

Teamwork is often noted as an important variable within the vernacular of sport. Coaches frequently emphasize the importance of players working together, with athletes similarly attributing team outcomes to the extent to which they work well with their teammates. Despite this seeming importance of

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M. Melissa Gross, Kairos Marquardt, Rebecca E. Hasson, Michael Vesia, Anthony R. King, and Peter F. Bodary

students for 21st century challenges, with intellectual and practical skills that include inquiry and analysis, critical and creative thinking, quantitative literacy, information literacy, and teamwork and problem-solving ( AAC&U, n.d.a ). Desired workforce skills identified by employers include teamwork

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J. Robert Grove and Michelle Paccagnella

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Domagoj Lausic, Selen Razon, and Gershon Tenenbaum

The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in verbal communication between doubles tennis teams during close game situations. Verbal messages exchanged between team players were recorded by means of audiotapes and videotapes. Recorded communication data were coded and analyzed using the Discussion Analysis Tool software (DAT; Jeong, 2003). Results indicated that most of the verbal communication included action (i.e., 34%) and emotional statements (i.e., 34%). Winning teams communicated twice as many messages than losing teams. Specifically, during the close games they won, winning teams communicated significantly more than losing teams. Losing teams used more communication patterns in close games they won relative to the ones they lost. Winning and losing teams also used distinct communication patterns during the close games they won relative to the ones they lost. These distinct communication patterns may have in turn improved the winning teams’ coordination and thereby increased their likelihood of winning.

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Lorcan Donal Cronin, Calum Alexander Arthur, James Hardy, and Nichola Callow

In this cross-sectional study, we examined a mediational model whereby transformational leadership is related to task cohesion via sacrifice. Participants were 381 American (M age = 19.87 years, SD = 1.41) Division I university athletes (188 males, 193 females) who competed in a variety of sports. Participants completed measures of coach transformational leadership, personal and teammate inside sacrifice, and task cohesion. After conducting multilevel mediation analysis, we found that both personal and teammate inside sacrifice significantly mediated the relationships between transformational leadership behaviors and task cohesion. However, there were differential patterns of these relationships for male and female athletes. Interpretation of the results highlights that coaches should endeavor to display transformational leadership behaviors as they are related to personal and teammate inside sacrifices and task cohesion.

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Rachel Allison

.S. adults agreed with the statement, “Participating in sports promotes leadership and teamwork skills that students may not necessarily be exposed to in the classroom” ( YouGov America, Inc., 2017 ). Most coaches, parents, and athletes believe that sport improves skills in time management, teamwork

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Joachim Hüffmeier, Joyce Elena Schleu, and Christoph Nohe

validity of the hitherto dominant situational explanation (cf. the endogeneity problem, Antonakis, Bendahan, Jacquart, & Lalive, 2010 ). The second open question focuses on a confound in extant studies: It is not clear whether the observed effort gains are a function of teamwork versus individual work or