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Montassar Tabben, Bianca Miarka, Karim Chamari, and Ralph Beneke

Purpose: To evaluate the concept of decisive moment (DM) as a novel analysis approach providing insights into factors leading to successful high-performance k umite karate outcomes using time–motion variables. DM represents the moment from which 1 of the 2 opponents uninterruptedly dominates the other until the end of the fight. Methods: A total of 120 elite seniors (60 men and 60 women) World Karate Federation combats were analyzed during 2 World Championships (2012 and 2014). Specific characteristics of karate combat (strategy, technique, tactic, target, and effectiveness) were evaluated and classified in 3 sections: at, before, and after DM. Results: DM occurred at about 49% (32.8%) of bout duration. Up to DM no clearly identifiable differences in performance characteristics were found between winners and losers. At and after DM, an offensive strategy with focus on upper-limb techniques, attack and counterattack, targeting the head showed highest potential to achieve and maintain dominance and to win. After DM, losers showed increasingly reactive techniques, mainly timed attacks and combinatory techniques. Conclusion: The DM concept presents a novel approach to time–motion analysis, which for the first time allowed identification of clear discriminating factors of success and defeat in kumite karate at the highest performance level.

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Montassar Tabben, Daniele Conte, Monoem Haddad, and Karim Chamari

Purpose: To assess the technical and tactical demands of elite karate athletes in relation to 3 match sequences (ie, advantage, disadvantage, and drawing) and match outcome (ie, win/defeat).Methods: One hundred twenty elite seniors’ (60 men and 60 women) World Karate Federation combats were analyzed during 2 World Championships (2012 and 2014). Specific karate attributes (strategy, technique, tactic, target, and effectiveness) were evaluated and classified into 3 sequences: advantage, disadvantage, and drawing. Results: Karatekas performed more combination techniques in disadvantage sequences than in drawing sequences (P = .011). A higher number of timed-attack actions were reported during advantage sequences than during drawing sequences (P = .048). Winners of the whole combat had higher lower-limb technique rate (1.0 [0.9] vs 0.1 [0.3]; P = .044) and less rate of timed attack (0.3 [0.5] vs 0.6 [1.0]; P = .030) than defeated karatekas during advantage and drawing sequences, respectively. Conclusions: Winners used higher lower-limb technique and less timed-attack rates than defeated karatekas in advantage and drawing sequences, respectively. Indeed, using lower-limb technique during advantageous situations could be a powerful strategy to increase the lead. Therefore, it seems fundamental for coaches of top elite karatekas to put their athletes in simulated situations and push them to increase their use of lower-limb techniques.

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Martin Camiré, Kelsey Kendellen, Scott Rathwell, and Evelyne Felber Charbonneau

Many forms of mainstream coach education continue to sparingly address content specifically related to positive youth development and/or life skills, instead maintaining a focus on the technical and tactical aspects of sport. The purpose of the paper is to present the evaluation findings of the pilot implementation of the Coaching for Life Skills program, designed to serve coaches operating in the context of high school sport. The study qualitatively explored what participants believed they experienced during their participation in the Coaching for Life Skills program, which was delivered to 68 Canadian high school coaches. Participants took part in one of six three-hour workshop (i.e., three workshops in English, three workshops in French). Of these 68 coaches, 10 voluntarily agreed to take part in individual semi-structured interviews. Findings demonstrated how the participants believed they learned important elements related to the coaching of life skills, particularly in terms of increasing their awareness of life skills, improving coach-athlete relationships, and employing coaching strategies that deliberately target life skills development and transfer.

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Jan Kodejška, Jiří Baláš, and Nick Draper

participants and the use of specific climbing dynamometry, increasing the ecological validity of the results. Despite this, real climbing performance requires coordinative action of whole body musculature, where mental, technical, and tactical aspects are involved. The increase in climbing performance after

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David Hortigüela-Alcalá, Antonio Calderón, and Gustavo González-Calvo

that the first two lessons were not purely direct instruction since, although the teacher educator had an active role, he interacted with the students and resolved doubts about the roles played by each participant, the rules, and the technical and tactical aspects of the sport. Likewise, not all the

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Óscar Martínez de Quel, Ignacio Ara, Mikel Izquierdo, and Carlos Ayán

; 46 ( 10 ): 1525 – 1551 . PubMed ID: 26993133 doi:10.1007/s40279-016-0493-1 10.1007/s40279-016-0493-1 26993133 5. Vidranski T , Sertić H , Jukić J . Technical and tactical aspects that differentiate winning and losing performances in elite male karate fighter . Coll Antropol . 2015 ; 39

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Nicola Taylor, David Giles, Micha Panáčková, James Mitchell, Joel Chidley, and Nick Draper

users, such as coaches, with a means of quantifying changes in individual facets of performance and the subscales of performance provide athletes with specific actionable feedback. Although several studies have previously attempted to construct observational instruments to assess technical and tactical

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Nick Dobbin, Jamie Highton, Samantha L. Moss, and Craig Twist

strategy to maintain key performance characteristics could be particularly beneficial. Low-volume sprint interval training (SIT) might be appealing during the season, where players can be exposed to maximal-intensity activity through a reduced workload that also enables coaches to address technical and

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Travis Crickard, Diane M. Culver, and Cassandra M. Seguin

deemed helpful in this transition, whereas others noted having gaps in their knowledge. It seems reasonable that a playing background in the sport can contribute to the understanding of technical and tactical aspects ( Jones, Armour, & Potrac, 2003 ), as this includes basic knowledge surrounding aspects

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Romana Brunner, Mario Bizzini, Nicola A. Maffiuletti, and Karin Niedermann

. 15 One of the characteristics of professional ice hockey teams is that the head coach is merely in charge of the technical and tactical aspects, whereas other staff members (athletic trainers, sports physical therapists, and massage therapists) are dedicated to the fitness training and