a fair representation of the article/post as a whole ( Dor, 2003 ; Gilbert 2013 ), we were satisfied that this approach would give us an accurate look at baseball talk among the two groups under examination. Both data sets were analyzed using a qualitative textual analysis. This method can involve
Alexander L. Curry and Tiara Good
Brian A. Eiler, Rosemary Al-Kire, Patrick C. Doyle, and Heidi A. Wayment
to textual analysis than bag-of-word approaches (e.g., LIWC), other techniques such as topic modeling, latent semantic analysis, latent Dirichlet analysis, or other supervised machine learning approaches may provide more nuanced insight. Third, our research did not differentiate between different
John Vincent and Jane Crossman
This study compared the narratives of 3 broadsheet newspapers of selected female and male tennis players competing in the Wimbledon Championships. From Canada, The Globe and Mail; from Great Britain, The Times; and from the United States, The New York Times were examined. Dominant narratives were identified from 161 articles taken from 44 newspaper editions during the 16-day period coinciding with the Wimbledon Championships fortnight. Drawing on Connell’s (1987, 1993, 2005) theory of gender power relations, textual analysis was used to examine the gendered narratives and, where it was applicable, how the gendered narratives intersected with race, age, and nationality. The results revealed that although the gendered narratives were at times complex and contradictory, they were generally consistent with dominant cultural patriarchal ideology and served to reiterate and legitimize the gender order.
Qingru Xu and Peggy J. Kreshel
sporting events in terms of (a) gender, (b) nationalism, and (c) the cultural values of individualism–collectivism? If so, what are those differences? Method Textual Analysis Hall ( 1975 ) defined texts as “literary and visual constructs, employing symbolic means, shaped by rules, conventions, and
Lindsey M. Eliopulos and Jay Johnson
The purpose of this article is to examine the sport–celebrity relationship of singer–actress Jessica Simpson and Dallas Cowboys quarterback Tony Romo. This qualitative analysis of 100 magazine and 100 newspaper articles that coincided with the first publicized notion of the “Jessica [Simpson] Jinx” reveals the prevailing dominant ideologies of patriarchal structures, traditional gender roles, hegemonic masculinity, and deviance. This study uncovers typologies that mirror the archetypal sporting partnership, for example, Simpson’s feminine position as a “supporter” and her function as an “antagonist” (e.g., the femme fatale, Yoko Ono) and Romo’s position as a hegemonic male (the new-laddist, maverick sporting star) and victim. Through developing these themes, the researchers illustrate the concepts of villainization and victimization in the mass media, where Simpson was portrayed unfavorably. Romo, conversely, was portrayed favorably in the press, suggesting the need to maintain the patriarchal order while restraining female dominance.
Riitta M. Pirinen
This study analyzed the treatment of female athletes in Finnish women’s magazines. The purpose was to examine how media representations constructed hierarchic relations between women. Furthermore, the aim was to examine how the construction and legitimation of the hierarchy between women and the gender hierarchy are interwoven with each other. Finally, the study discussed the possibilities to challenge, resist, and transform the ideological construction of these hierarchic relations. Briefly, the study demonstrated the ways in which media texts may both construct disempowering positions and also offer recourses of empowering positions for women.
Ik Young Chang, Jane Crossman, Jane Taylor, and Diane Walker
This study compared and explored the textual coverage of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games (OG) and Paralympic Games (PG) by the Canadian newspaper The Globe and Mail. The authors found 8 high-order themes and 25 low-order themes for the OG. The high-order themes were predicting game results, reporting game results, athleticism, politics, ethical issues, nationalism, the media, and the economy. For the PG, there were 4 high-order themes, and each high-order theme had 1 low-order theme. The high-order themes were reporting game results, athleticism, ethical issues, and equality between Paralympians and Olympians. Comparisons between OG and PG coverage are discussed and recommendations for future research provided.
Travis R. Bell and Karen L. Hartman
between March 6, 2016, the day before Sharapova’s press conference, and March 13, 2016. Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC), a language-analysis software package, and subsequent textual analysis provide an examination of Sharapova’s effective approach to stealing thunder through its influence on
Emma Pullen, Daniel Jackson, Michael Silk, P. David Howe, and Carla Filomena Silva
resonate in wider public understandings of disability? To address these questions empirically, this paper draws on two integrated data sets: qualitative textual analysis of some 90 hr of C4’s 2016 Paralympic broadcasting, and focus groups with over 200 audience members across England and Wales. While
Bo Li, Sarah Stokowski, Stephen W. Dittmore, and Olan K. M. Scott
Informed by framing theory, the study strove to investigate nationalism by examining Chinese newspaper coverage of the 2014 Incheon Asian Games. Through document and textual analysis of 324 articles from 5 mainstream newspapers, the study indicated that Chinese newspapers always portrayed Chinese athletes as “dominating the competition” and “lacking opponents in Asia” while portraying other countries’ athletes as “less competitive” and not at the “level of Chinese athletes.” The results also suggested that Chinese newspapers tried to positively spin the story when reporting the failure of Chinese athletes at the Asian Games. However, to increase readership and enhance public awareness of the Asian Games,Chinese newspapers also attempted to created rivalries between Chinese athletes and competing nations and, at times, emphasized national failures.