This study examined the ability of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to predict training adherence in a sample of adolescent competitive swimmers. Participants (N= 116, mean age = 14.8 years), who were drawn from 19 competitive swimming clubs from across Canada, completed measures relating to TPB before a major training cycle in their swim season. Results showed that training intention was significantly related to training behavior and that the direct measures of TPB (attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control) predicted a significant portion of the variance in the measure of training intention. Subsequently splitting the attitude measure into affective and instrumental components revealed that the instrumental portion of the attitudinal measure contributed significantly to predicting training intention, whereas the affective portion did not. These findings suggest that TPB offers insight into training behavior and that the two measures of evaluative attitude contribute differently to predicting training intention.
W. Kerry Mummery and Leonard M. Wankel
T. Nicole Kirk and Justin A. Haegele
activity engagement, which is one of the goals of the professional discipline. Theory of Planned Behavior Along with several other theories, Crocker ( 1993 ) speculated that the theory of planned behavior would be particularly well-suited for use in research within the field of adapted physical activity
Emily M. Hartley, Matthew C. Hoch, and Robert J. Cramer
participation and compliance, the Health Belief Model (HBM) and Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) are the most commonly used within health-related research and have been investigated together to predict participation in other preventative health behaviors. 10 , 13 The purposes of this paper are to examine the
Valerie Senkowski, Clara Gannon, and Paul Branscum
al., 2018 ). Having strong theoretical underpinnings is important for public health and behavior change interventions in order to understand, address, and report factors that will be most successful in mediating behavior change in a systematic and evidence-based way. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) has
Kannan Singaravelu Jaganathan, Karen A. Sullivan, Jamie Greenslade, Katie L. McMahon, Gary Mitchell, and Graham Kerr
should be explored. Such efforts could include consideration of participants’ beliefs and attitudes about the intervention. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) is an influential and frequently cited model for predicting the intention to make a health behavior change, 22 – 24 with previous applications
Phillip Conatser, Martin Block, and Bruce Gansneder
The purpose was to (a) examine aquatic instructors’ beliefs (female, n = 82; male, n = 29) about teaching swimming to individuals with disabilities in inclusive settings and (b) test the theory of planned behavior model (Ajzen, 1985, 1988, 2001). Aquatic instructors from 25 states representing 122 cities across the U.S. participated in this study. The instrument, named Aquatic Instructors’ Beliefs Toward Inclusion (AIBTI), was an extended version of the Physical Educators’ Attitudes Toward Teaching Individuals with Disabilities— Swim (Conatser, Block, & Lepore, 2000). A correlated t test showed aquatic instructors’ beliefs (attitudes toward the behavior, normative beliefs, perceived behavioral control, intention, behavior) were significantly more favorable toward teaching aquatics to individuals with mild disabilities than individuals with severe disabilities. Stepwise multiple regression showed perceived behavioral control and attitude significantly predicted intention, and intention predicted instructors’ inclusive behavior for both disability groups. Further, results indicated the theory of planned behavior predicts aquatic instructors’ behavior better than the theory of reasoned action.
Elske Stolte, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Marja J. Aartsen, Theo G. van Tilburg, and Astrid Chorus
determinants need to be targeted. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is a frequently used theoretical framework to design behavior change interventions ( Glanz & Bishop, 2010 ). The TPB states that intention, which is defined as indications of how hard people are willing to try to perform the behavior, is
Johnny Capra and Sara LaBelle
athletes receive from various sources may result in beliefs that encourage playing through pain and injury. To do so, this study utilizes the theory of planned behavior (TPB; Ajzen, 1991 ) as a guide to help understand the salient behavioral, normative, and control beliefs that former youth athletes’ hold
Rachel R. Kleis, Matthew C. Hoch, Deirdre Dlugonski, and Johanna M. Hoch
Key Points ▸ Individuals with a history of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction demonstrate decreased physical activity levels. ▸ The Theory of Planned Behavior and Self-Determination Theory have been utilized to predict and increase physical activity patterns. ▸ An integrated theoretical
Mihalis Atsalakis and Mike Sleap
Community physical activity programs are a means by which children may be provided with appropriate physical activity, although it is not yet known how children register in these programs. In this research, registration of young children in community physical activity programs was assumed to be a product of decisions made by their parents. The purpose of the research was to explore the usefulness of the theory of planned behavior in predicting registration of children in a community physical activity program from decisions made by their parents. A simple random sample of 400 first-grade elementary school children resident in Heraklion, Crete, was selected. Their parents completed a questionnaire corresponding to the framework of the theory of planned behavior. It was concluded that the theory of planned behavior is valid in predicting the defined behavior.