Some youth athletes can thrive while others languish, in part, due to their coping skills ( Kristiansen & Roberts, 2010 ). Although participation in sport can lead to numerous physical and psychological benefits for youth (cf. Eime et al., 2013 ; Hebert et al., 2015 ), sport participation rates
Keita Kinoshita, Eric MacIntosh, and Shintaro Sato
Daniel J. Brown, Rachel Arnold, Martyn Standage, and David Fletcher
Sport performers often encounter various stressors as part of their involvement in competitive sport. Their ability to respond effectively to these demands is likely to dictate how well they function in competition and, ultimately, whether they thrive or merely manage or succumb to the scenario
Fleur E.C.A. van Rens and Edson Filho
professional circus. In the first realizing phase, the participants reflected and achieved their goal of transitioning from sport to circus. Second, the participants had to adapt to their new circus careers. Third, participants thrived in their circus careers. Various psychological skills and stressors
Kylie McNeill, Natalie Durand-Bush, and Pierre-Nicolas Lemyre
, Standard Deviations, Standardized Scores, and Pairwise Comparisons for Profile Group Differences on Burnout and Well-Being Profiles (1) Thriving ( n = 135) (2) Depleted ( n = 36) (3) At-risk ( n = 79) Variables M (SD) z M (SD) z M (SD) z F Tukey’s HSD Emotional exhaustion 9.51 (6.65) −.52 22.43 (9
Daniel F. Gucciardi and Martin I. Jones
The purposes of the current study were to identify mental toughness profiles in adolescent cricketers and examine differences between these profiles on developmental assets and negative emotional states. A sample of 226 community cricketers (125 New Zealanders and 101 Australians; male n = 210) aged between 10 and 18 years (M age = 14.41 years; SD = 2.11) completed a multisection, online survey containing measures of mental toughness, developmental assets, and negative emotional states. The results of hierarchical (Ward’s method) and nonhierarchical (k means) cluster analyses revealed three mental toughness profiles characterized by low, moderate, and high levels of all five mental toughness assets (i.e., affective intelligence, desire to achieve, self-belief, attentional control, resilience). Those cricketers with high levels of mental toughness reported possession of more developmental assets and lower levels of negative emotional states when compared with cricketers with the moderate levels of mental toughness. No statistically significant differences existed between the moderate and low levels of mental toughness profiles. These findings provided preliminary evidence to suggest that mental toughness might be viewed not only from the traditional view of optimal performance but also from a stance that may represent a contextually salient representation of thriving in youth sport settings.
Michelle Patterson, Meghan H. McDonough, Jennifer Hewson, S. Nicole Culos-Reed, and Erica Bennett
adversity. Recent theory suggests that social support can promote thriving both through helping cope with adversity and encouraging growth when adversity is not a threat ( Feeney & Collins, 2015 ). Thriving is prospering, growing or developing, or progressing toward a goal ( Feeney & Collins, 2015 ) and is
Sandra E. Short and Frazer Atkinson
Martin J. Turner, Marc V. Jones, David Sheffield, Matthew J. Slater, Jamie B. Barker, and James J. Bell
This study assessed whether cardiovascular (CV) reactivity patterns indexing challenge and threat states predicted batting performance in elite male county (N = 12) and national (N = 30) academy cricketers. Participants completed a batting test under pressure, before which CV reactivity was recorded in response to ego-threatening audio instructions. Self-reported self-efficacy, control, achievement goals, and emotions were also assessed. Challenge CV reactivity predicted superior performance in the Batting Test, compared with threat CV reactivity. The relationships between self-report measures and CV reactivity, and self-report measures and performance were inconsistent. A small subsample of participants who exhibited threat CV reactivity, but performed well, reported greater self-efficacy than participants who exhibited threat CV reactivity, but performed poorly. Also a small subsample of participants who exhibited challenge reactivity, but performed poorly, had higher avoidance goals than participants with challenge reactivity who performed well. The mechanisms for the observed relationship between CV reactivity and performance are discussed alongside implications for future research and applied practice.