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Nefertiti A. Walker and E. Nicole Melton

To date, sport research on sexuality has primarily focused on White lesbian, bisexual, and gay (LBG) persons or heterosexual racial minorities; few studies have provided meaningful insight into how sexual prejudice affects racial minorities. Thus, the purpose of the current study is to explore the intersection of race, sexual orientation, and gender in the context of collegiate sport and examine the influence of multiple marginalized identities on organizational outcomes. Grounded in intersectionality literature and feminist standpoint theory, semistructured interviews were conducted with 15 current and former intercollegiate sport employees. Results revealed four higher order themes: (a) racially influenced experiences, (b) managing lesbian-ness, (c) organizational climate, and (d) organizational outcomes. This research expands the theoretical knowledge of intersectionality, introduces a turnover intention tipping point phenomenon, and provides mangers with firsthand feedback on current policy and norms that may decrease satisfaction.

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Jessyca N. Arthur-Cameselle and Molly Curcio

to begin recovery. This initial period in the recovery process is referred to in the literature as a turning point or tipping point , described as the “point at which the illness trajectory is interrupted” ( Fogarty & Ramjan, 2017 , p. 2) so that “the balance finally tipped in favor of pursuing

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Thomas J. Templin, Kim C. Graber, and K. Andrew R. Richards

should not be retained simply to boost program numbers. Conclusions and Final Thoughts Gladwell ( 2000 ) stated that “the dramatic moment in an epidemic when everything can change all at once is a Tipping Point ” (p. 9). He points out that a tipping point has “three characteristics—one, contagiousness

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Erianne A. Weight, Coyte Cooper, and Nels K. Popp

Philosophical debate about the proper role of athletics within the academy has reverberated through each era of collegiate sport, and a growing body of literature points toward an impending tipping point unless radical reform ensues. This study contributes perspective to a proposed reform model through investigating perceptions of National Collegiate Athletics Association Division I coaches (N = 661) about their roles as educators and how this role could be altered through structural and philosophical changes within the academy. Quantitative and qualitative data provided mixed findings related to coach support for an integrated organizational structure with high variance in all structural facets explored except for compensation, where coaches believed structures should not be uniform between athletic and academic units because of the perceived greater workload, hours, media attention, and pressure in athletics.

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. Steward * George B. Cunningham * 5 2015 29 3 245 256 10.1123/jsm.2014-0017 The Tipping Point: The Intersection of Race, Gender, and Sexual Orientation in Intercollegiate Sports Nefertiti A. Walker * E. Nicole Melton * 5 2015 29 3 257 271 10.1123/jsm.2013-0079 A Mixed-Method Approach to Exploring the

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Daniel C. Funk

begin citing the article in their own papers. The initial steeply rising part of the S Curve in which citations increase rapidly represents the “tipping point,” popularized in Malcolm Gladwell’s book. As article citations continue to increase, it reaches critical mass as late adopters begin to cite the

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Leslie K. Larsen and Christopher J. Clayton

minority and a lesbian experienced negative organizational policies and outcomes, they eventually reached a tipping point, a feeling of powerlessness that led them to leave sport. Participants in the study who identified as white lesbians did not experience this tipping point. The intersectional component

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Madeleine Pape and Fiona McLachlan

caution: as the trajectory of the pandemic unfolds, various media outlets have described a halt to the so-called progress of women’s sport. Yet as one female sports executive noted earlier this year, “there’s been some progress … [but] I don’t think we’re anywhere near a tipping point” ( Thomas, 2020

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Chris Hanna

air, obviously, doing NBA games. Clearly, that was an enormous tipping point. We had already begun planning, but when that moment happened, it takes things into a much higher gear, and you are immediately sitting down, saying we have so many different live events that are on our air over the course of

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Melitta A. McNarry

the factors regulating V ˙ O 2 kinetics ( 64 ) which are complex, multifaceted, and likely to be further mediated by factors such as age, exercise modality, training status, and the environmental conditions. Poole et al ( 87 ) suggested a “tipping point” hypothesis with regard to the predominant