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Guohua Zheng, Xin Zheng, Junzhe Li, Tingjin Duan, Kun Ling, Jing Tao and Lidian Chen

This study investigated the effects of Tai Chi compared with no exercise control on the cerebral hemodynamic parameters and other health-related factors in community older adults at risk of ischemic stroke. A total of 170 eligible participants were randomly allocated to Tai Chi or control group. The cerebral hemodynamic parameters and physical fitness risk factors of cardiovascular disease were measured at baseline, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks. After the 12-week intervention, Tai Chi significantly improved the minimum of blood flow velocity (BFVmin); BFVmean; pulsatility index and resistance index of the right anterior cerebral artery; and BFVmax, BFVmin, and BFVmean parameters of the right middle cerebral artery. Tai Chi training also decreased triglyceride, fasting blood glucose, and homocysteine levels, and improved balance ability. Therefore, the supervised 12-week Tai Chi exercise had potential beneficial effects on cerebral hemodynamics, plasma risk factors, and balance ability in older community adults at risk of ischemic stroke.

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ZhiWei Liu, Ting Chen, Mingkang Shen, Kai Li, ChunJie Ma, Antonnette Ketlhoafetse and XiangYun Liu

with previous findings that Tai Chi (another traditional Chinese exercise) exercise may increase T levels in BPH patients ( Jung et al., 2012 ). There is a correlation between the increase of E 2 /T and the occurrence of BPH. An in vitro study of human prostatic stromal cells found that different

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Wei Sun, Xiujie Ma, Lin Wang, Cui Zhang, Qipeng Song, Houxin Gu and Dewei Mao

( Kathiresan, Jali, Afiqah, Aznie, & Fidieyana, 2010 ). Moderate aerobic exercise positively affects the balance ability of older adults ( Dixit, Maiya, Shastry, & Guddattu, 2016 ). Tai Chi Chuan (TCC), a traditional Chinese exercise form known for its slow and graceful movements, has become one of the most

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Jianwei Duan, Kuan Wang, Tongbo Chang, Lejun Wang, Shengnian Zhang and Wenxin Niu

Tai Chi is a traditional Chinese exercise ( Xu, Hong, Li, & Chan, 2004 ), which can not only improve balance and fear of falling in older adults ( Logghe et al., 2010 ) but also enhance the lower limb muscle strength in older adults ( Liu, Liu, Zhu, Mo, & Cheng, 2011 ). In addition, Tai Chi can