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David L. Carey, Justin Crow, Kok-Leong Ong, Peter Blanch, Meg E. Morris, Ben J. Dascombe and Kay M. Crossley

Training-load prescription in team-sport athletes is a balance between performance improvement 1 , 2 and injury-risk reduction. 3 – 6 The manipulation of training intensity, duration, and frequency to induce improvements in athletic performance is a fundamental objective of training

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Franco M. Impellizzeri, Samuele M. Marcora and Aaron J. Coutts

The concepts of internal and external training load were first presented at the Eighth Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science in Salzburg, Austria (2003) 1 at an invited session and symposium organized by Tom Reilly. The content of this presentation was included in 2 follow

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Thiago S. Duarte, Danilo L. Alves, Danilo R. Coimbra, Bernardo Miloski, João C. Bouzas Marins and Maurício G. Bara Filho

The training process aims to promote specific and positive adaptations to increase sports performance. 1 – 4 In this sense, the correct application of training loads and monitoring of athletes’ responses are essential to make the necessary adjustments in the periodization of training and adapt to

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Håvard Wiig, Thor Einar Andersen, Live S. Luteberget and Matt Spencer

Monitoring and managing training load may assist to achieve the desired training outcome 1 and reduce injury risk. 2 , 3 However, quantifying training load accurately and reliably is challenging in team sports due to the complexity of movements and actions, and the constant shifting intensities

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Luka Svilar, Julen Castellano, Igor Jukic and David Casamichana

load has received a lot of attention in recent years 2 , 3 due to its important role in improving performance and mitigating injuries. 4 Accurate monitoring of the training load provides the coach with a better understanding of individual tolerance to training 5 and provides a solid basis for optimal

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Davide Ferioli, Andrea Bosio, Johann C. Bilsborough, Antonio La Torre, Michele Tornaghi and Ermanno Rampinini

The quantification of training load (TL) is a common practice in basketball, with the aim to ensure that players achieve an adequate training stimulus and to reduce the negative consequences of training (ie, risk of injury and nonfunctional overreaching) and the chances of undertraining. 1 , 2 The

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Jeroen de Bruijn, Henk van der Worp, Mark Korte, Astrid de Vries, Rick Nijland and Michel Brink

ranges from a few weeks to several months, one can easily imagine that an injury seriously affects a player’s aerobic fitness. 9 Fortunately, the negative effects of detraining on aerobic performance can be reversed by endurance training. 10 To accomplish this, training loads during the rehabilitation

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James J. Malone, Arne Jaspers, Werner Helsen, Brenda Merks, Wouter G.P. Frencken and Michel S. Brink

, tactical and small-sided game drills). Therefore, the training load reference values that have been previously detailed for outfield players 4 would not be applicable for GKs. The quantification of external training load is crucial to understand the training process. However, it is equally as important to

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Antonis Kesisoglou, Andrea Nicolò and Louis Passfield

scientists use the concept of training load (TL) to quantify their exercise programs. The increasingly popular TL concept is based on the approach of normalizing the training session for its TWD. 11 , 12 The TL concept and its underpinning of TWD originates from the work of Banister et al, 13 who attempted

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Travis Anderson, Amy R. Lane and Anthony C. Hackney

addition, triathletes have demonstrated alterations in CAR in response to a full season of training, with CAR emerging as a potential marker for monitoring training status. 17 With the above points in mind, the purpose of this study was to assess whether training loads observed during regularly scheduled