A growing body of research has provided evidence for intolerance of uncertainty (IU)—a dispositional characteristic resulting from negative beliefs about uncertainty and its implications—as a possible transdiagnostic maintaining factor across a range of anxiety disorders. No studies have yet examined IU in performance anxiety in sport. The purpose of the present investigation, therefore, was to investigate the relationship between IU and performance anxiety in sport. Participants included 160 university athletes (51% female) who completed measures of IU, performance anxiety, and robustness of sport confidence. Regression analyses revealed that the inhibitory dimension of IU and robustness of sport confidence were significant predictors of performance anxiety. A simple mediation model was also tested and suggested indirect and direct effects of inhibitory IU on performance anxiety symptoms through robustness of sport confidence. Implications of these findings for researchers and practitioners and directions for future research are discussed.
Vaithehy Shanmugam, Sophia Jowett and Caroline Meyer
The purpose of this study was twofold: to explore the utility of components related to the transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral model of eating disorders within an athletic population and to investigate the extent to which the model can be applied across gender, sport type, and performance standard to explain eating psychopathology. Five hundred and eighty-eight (N = 588) male and female British athletes completed a battery of self-report instruments related to eating psychopathology, interpersonal diffculties, perfectionism, self-esteem, and mood. Structural equation modeling revealed that eating psychopathology may arise from an interaction of interpersonal diffculties, low self-esteem, high levels of self-critical perfectionism, and depressive symptoms. Analysis further highlighted that the manner in which eating psychopathology may arise is invariant across athletes’ sport type and performance standard, but not across gender. The current findings suggest that the tested components of the transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral model are pertinent and useful in explaining eating psychopathology among athletes.
Pooja Somasundaram and Alexandra M. Burgess
.D. , & Shafran , R. ( 2011 ). Perfectionism as a transdiagnostic process: A clinical review . Clinical Psychology Review, 31 ( 2 ), 203 – 212 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2010.04.009 10.1016/j.cpr.2010.04.009 Espelage , D.L. , Mazzeo , S.E. , Aggen , S.H. , Quittner , A.L. , Sherman , R
Uta Kraus, Sophie Clara Holtmann and Tanja Legenbauer
participants . Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8 ( 4 ), 507 – 520 . doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.10.002 10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.10.002 Fairburn , C.G. , Cooper , Z. , & Shafran , R. ( 2003 ). Cognitive behaviour therapy for eating disorders: A “transdiagnostic” theory and treatment . Behaviour
Rachael E. Flatt and Craig Barr Taylor
.jadohealth.2008.01.011 Ebert , D. , Tarnowski , T. , Gollwitzer , M. , Sieland , B. , & Berking , M. ( 2013 ). A transdiagnostic internet-based maintenance treatment enhances the stability of outcome after inpatient cognitive behavioral therapy: A randomized controlled trial . Psychotherapy and
Kendahl M. Shortway, Andrew Wolanin, Jennifer Block-Lerner and Donald Marks
rehabilitation. One type of mindfulness- and acceptance-based approach is acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT; Hayes, 2004 ). ACT is a transdiagnostic therapy classified as an evidence-based treatment for chronic pain, depression, and anxiety, as well as other psychological disorders and difficulties
Martin J. Turner, Gillian Aspin, Faye F. Didymus, Rory Mack, Peter Olusoga, Andrew G. Wood and Richard Bennett
transdiagnostic individual schema focused therapy group in NHS primary care in the UK . Poster presented at the International Society for Schema Therapy Conference , Amsterdam, The Netherlands . Beck , A.T. ( 1967 ). Depression: Clinical, experimental, and theoretical aspects . New York, NY : Harper & Row