We draw upon transformational leadership theory to develop an instrument to measure transformational parenting for use with adolescents. First, potential items were generated that were developmentally appropriate and evidence for content validity was provided through the use of focus groups with parents and adolescents. We subsequently provide evidence for several aspects of construct validity of measures derived from the Transformational Parenting Questionnaire (TPQ). Data were collected from 857 adolescents (M age = 14.70 years), who rated the behaviors of their mothers and fathers. The results provided support for a second-order measurement model of transformational parenting. In addition, positive relationships between mothers’ and fathers’ transformational parenting behaviors, adolescents’ self-regulatory efficacy for physical activity and healthy eating, and life satisfaction were found. The results of this research support the application of transformational leadership theory to parenting behaviors, as well as the construct validity of measures derived from the TPQ.
Katie L. Morton, Julian Barling, Ryan E. Rhodes, Louise C. Mâsse, Bruno D. Zumbo, and Mark R. Beauchamp
Aubrey Newland, Maria Newton, E. Whitney G. Moore, and W. Eric Legg
seeks to fill this gap by examining the relationships between transformational leadership and PYD. Positive Youth Development It is crucial to understand PYD because the more positive developmental experiences that youth have, the greater their ability will be to contribute to society as thriving adults
Sinan Yildirim and Ziya Koruç
Transformational leaders have been a subject of important sport research ( Álvarez et al., 2016 ; Arthur et al., 2017 ; Callow et al., 2009 ; Kao & Tsai, 2016 ). These studies have revealed that transformational leadership is critical in sports and that coaches’ transformational leadership
Shuge Zhang, Stuart Beattie, Amanda Pitkethly, and Chelsey Dempsey
training behaviors shown by Woodman et al. One relevant leadership theory that attracts our attention is that of transformational leadership ( Bass, 1985 ). Transformational leadership is of interest due to its “inspiring, developing and empowering” properties ( Yukl, 2006 , p. 289). It involves building
Lara M. Duke, Jennifer P. Gorman, and Jennifer M. Browne
uncertainty, conduct scenario planning, and determine their department and university’s pathway forward. Kinesiology leaders can meet these demands and enhance their leadership, curriculum, and department operations by deliberating on the adaptive, complexity, and transformational leadership approaches we
Matthew J. Smith, David J. Young, Sean G. Figgins, and Calum A. Arthur
We examined transformational leadership behaviors are exhibited in an elite sport environment. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 9 professional county cricket players to explore perceptions of transformational leadership behaviors of their captain and head-coach. Behaviors were firstly deductively categorized based on the Differentiated Transformational Leadership Inventory, with the most frequently cited being high performance expectations and individual consideration from the coach, and appropriate role-modeling of the captain. Further inductive analyses revealed a range of other factors which may influence players’ perceptions of transformational leadership. From these findings, suggestions are offered for those working in an applied context with sporting leaders.
Lorcan Donal Cronin, Calum Alexander Arthur, James Hardy, and Nichola Callow
In this cross-sectional study, we examined a mediational model whereby transformational leadership is related to task cohesion via sacrifice. Participants were 381 American (M age = 19.87 years, SD = 1.41) Division I university athletes (188 males, 193 females) who competed in a variety of sports. Participants completed measures of coach transformational leadership, personal and teammate inside sacrifice, and task cohesion. After conducting multilevel mediation analysis, we found that both personal and teammate inside sacrifice significantly mediated the relationships between transformational leadership behaviors and task cohesion. However, there were differential patterns of these relationships for male and female athletes. Interpretation of the results highlights that coaches should endeavor to display transformational leadership behaviors as they are related to personal and teammate inside sacrifices and task cohesion.
Anita Navin, Don Vinson, Alison Croad, Jennifer Turnnidge, and Jean Côté
, Blomberg, & Kihlgren, 2014 ; James, Blomberg, Liljekvist, & Kihlgren, 2015 ). Second, the study draws on research concerning organizational culture in sport (e.g., Cole & Martin, 2018 ), and third, on the literature concerning the interface between sport and transformational leadership (TFL) ( Bass
Stewart A. Vella, Lindsay G. Oades, and Trevor P. Crowe
This paper describes the validation of The Differentiated Transformational Leadership Inventory (DTLI) within a participation youth sports context. Three hundred and twenty-two athletes aged between 11 and 18 years completed the DTLI. Using a confirmatory factor analysis, the DTLI yielded an underlying factor structure that fell short of cut-off criteria for adjudging model fit. Subsequent theory-driven changes were made to the DTLI by removing the ‘high performance expectations’ subscale. Further data-driven changes were also made on the basis of high item-factor cross-loadings. The revised version of the DTLI was subjected to confirmatory factor analysis and proved to be a good fit for the obtained data. Consequently, a Differentiated Transformational Leadership Inventory for Youth Sport has been suggested for use within the participation youth sport context that contains 22 items, and retains six subscales.
Kai C. Bormann, Paul Schulte-Coerne, Mathias Diebig, and Jens Rowold
The goal of this study is to examine the effects of coaches’ transformational leadership on player performance. To advance existing research, we examine (a) effects on individual and team performance and (b) consider joint moderating effects of players’ win orientation and teams’ competitive performance on the leadership– individual performance link. In a three-source sample from German handball teams, we collected data on 336 players and 30 coaches and teams. Results showed positive main effects of transformational leadership’s facet of articulating a vision (AV) on team and individual performance and negative main effects of providing an appropriate model (PAM) on team performance. With regard to moderating effects, AV increased and PAM decreased individual performance when both moderators were low, and intellectual stimulation had a positive effect when both were high. This study expands insights into the potential and limitation of transformational leadership with a strong focus on the role of situational contingencies.