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Samuel Sigrist, Thomas Maier and Raphael Faiss

Track cycling team pursuit is an Olympic discipline held on velodromes. It is characterized by 4 cyclists completing 4000 m from a standing start as fast as possible. Repeated transitions (using the banks of the velodrome to keep momentum) allow riders to share time in the lead position (exposed to

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Anne-Marie Heugas and Isabelle A. Siegler

Walking is the preferred terrestrial gait pattern used by humans at locomotion speeds not exceeding approximately 7.2 km/hr. This is the speed at which humans usually switch to running and is referred to as the “preferred transition speed” (PTS; Thorstensson & Roberthson, 1987 ). Gait selection

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Tiago V. Barreira, Stephanie T. Broyles, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol A. Maher, José A. Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L. Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S. Tremblay, Peter T. Katzmarzyk and for the ISCOLE Research Group

The theory of epidemiologic transition, which characterizes long-term trends and patterns in morbidity and mortality associated with stages of human development, 1 has been applied to understand the emergence of obesity in low- to middle-income countries. 2 , 3 Human development is commonly

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Peter T. Katzmarzyk and Caitlin Mason

Physical activity is important for the prevention of chronic disease morbidity and mortality, and the lack of adequate levels of physical activity represents a growing public health burden around the world. The purpose of this report is to introduce the concept of the “Physical Activity Transition” and to explore the potential effects that declining physical activity levels may play on health and life expectancy as countries undergo economic and demographic changes. Physical activity is related to mortality rates in humans, and the available evidence suggests that the adoption of a lifestyle characterized by lower levels of physical activity will attenuate the expected gains in life expectancy associated with the epidemiological transition. Advances in the measurement of physical activity at work, in the home, for transport, and in leisure time in a wide variety of populations will be integral to advancing the current understanding of how macro-level factors shape physical activity patterns and patterns of morbidity and mortality.

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Roy David Samuel

individual experiences and consultancy process conducted with 4 referees who transitioned to the Israeli Premier League within the past 3 years. At the time of consultancy, I had 11 years of consultancy experience supporting elite athletes in various sport disciplines, as well as ample experience with soccer

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Sophie Knights, Emma Sherry, Mandy Ruddock-Hudson and Paul O’Halloran

Transition out of professional sport into retirement has been a topic of considerable research in recent years ( Alfermann, Stambulova, & Zemaityte, 2004 ; Torregrosa, Ramis, Pallarés, Azócar, & Selva, 2015 ). It is a given that throughout our lives we transition from one phase or stage to the

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Fleur E.C.A. van Rens and Edson Filho

, 2018 ). Career transitions to contemporary circus are thus common amongst athletes, and gymnasts in particular. However, little is known about the lived experiences of circus artists, as few systematic studies have considered this performance domain ( Ross & Shapiro, 2017 ). Given that practitioners in

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Joshua Twaites, Richard Everson, Joss Langford and Melvyn Hillsdon

, Galvez, Damas, Pomares, & Rojas, 2014 ). Longer windows are efficient for data processing and if the window covers a single behavior, long windows help to accurately identify it. However, longer windows have an increased probability of containing a behavior transition, leading to a loss of temporal

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Bobbi-Jo Atchison and Donna L. Goodwin

school, families seek inclusive 1 community physical activity opportunities ( Mulligan, Hale, Whitehead, & Baxter, 2012 ; Rimmer, 2005 ; Rimmer & Rowland, 2008 ; Roth, Pyfer, & Huettig, 2007 ). With limited resources available in the community, parents are key to ensuring transitions to community

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Albert J. Petitpas