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Samuel Sigrist, Thomas Maier, and Raphael Faiss

Track cycling team pursuit is an Olympic discipline held on velodromes. It is characterized by 4 cyclists completing 4000 m from a standing start as fast as possible. Repeated transitions (using the banks of the velodrome to keep momentum) allow riders to share time in the lead position (exposed to

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Stiliani “Ani” Chroni, Kristen Dieffenbach, and Sigurd Pettersen

coaching role demands that the person act as a coach and deliver on the job from the start. Research advancements and interventions in the areas of athletic career and retirement from sport have provided fundamental knowledge and practices in understanding and supporting the athlete to transition beyond

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Anne-Marie Heugas and Isabelle A. Siegler

Walking is the preferred terrestrial gait pattern used by humans at locomotion speeds not exceeding approximately 7.2 km/hr. This is the speed at which humans usually switch to running and is referred to as the “preferred transition speed” (PTS; Thorstensson & Roberthson, 1987 ). Gait selection

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Roy David Samuel

individual experiences and consultancy process conducted with 4 referees who transitioned to the Israeli Premier League within the past 3 years. At the time of consultancy, I had 11 years of consultancy experience supporting elite athletes in various sport disciplines, as well as ample experience with soccer

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Tiago V. Barreira, Stephanie T. Broyles, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol A. Maher, José A. Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L. Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S. Tremblay, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, and for the ISCOLE Research Group

The theory of epidemiologic transition, which characterizes long-term trends and patterns in morbidity and mortality associated with stages of human development, 1 has been applied to understand the emergence of obesity in low- to middle-income countries. 2 , 3 Human development is commonly

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Peter T. Katzmarzyk and Caitlin Mason

Physical activity is important for the prevention of chronic disease morbidity and mortality, and the lack of adequate levels of physical activity represents a growing public health burden around the world. The purpose of this report is to introduce the concept of the “Physical Activity Transition” and to explore the potential effects that declining physical activity levels may play on health and life expectancy as countries undergo economic and demographic changes. Physical activity is related to mortality rates in humans, and the available evidence suggests that the adoption of a lifestyle characterized by lower levels of physical activity will attenuate the expected gains in life expectancy associated with the epidemiological transition. Advances in the measurement of physical activity at work, in the home, for transport, and in leisure time in a wide variety of populations will be integral to advancing the current understanding of how macro-level factors shape physical activity patterns and patterns of morbidity and mortality.

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Sophie Knights, Emma Sherry, Mandy Ruddock-Hudson, and Paul O’Halloran

Transition out of professional sport into retirement has been a topic of considerable research in recent years ( Alfermann, Stambulova, & Zemaityte, 2004 ; Torregrosa, Ramis, Pallarés, Azócar, & Selva, 2015 ). It is a given that throughout our lives we transition from one phase or stage to the

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Johannes Raabe, Andrew D. Bass, Lauren K. McHenry, and Rebecca A. Zakrajsek

a normative transition due to its inevitable nature and relative predictability ( Stambulova, Alfermann, Statler, & Côté, 2009 ). However, professional baseball players—especially those in MiLB—often lack the same sense of predictability with respect to the end of their athletic career. Instead

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J.D. DeFreese, Samuel R. Walton, Avinash Chandran, and Zachary Y. Kerr

Sport participation has profound implications on the lifespan health and well-being of athletes. Even for elite athletes, however, sporting careers account for a mere fraction of a lifespan, and athletes are faced with the reality of life beyond sport at young ages. Athlete transition (i

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Joshua Twaites, Richard Everson, Joss Langford, and Melvyn Hillsdon

, Galvez, Damas, Pomares, & Rojas, 2014 ). Longer windows are efficient for data processing and if the window covers a single behavior, long windows help to accurately identify it. However, longer windows have an increased probability of containing a behavior transition, leading to a loss of temporal