, 2016 ). Translational research physical activity (PA) and implementation science can play important roles in improving participation rates and amounts, as well as the quality of PA participation experiences. In the current article, we highlight inequities in PA and disability research, explain why
Translational Physical Activity Research Involving People With Disabilities: A Review and a Call to Action
Kathleen A. Martin Ginis, Sarah V.C. Lawrason, and Haley A. Berrisford
Bridging Research and Practice in Kinesiology: A Case for Concept Mapping
Brian J. Souza
Enhancing translational research in kinesiology requires utilizing diverse research methods. Concept mapping (CM), an applied, participatory research method, brings together stakeholders to address problems. CM involves preparing a project, generating answers to a problem, then structuring, rating, analyzing, representing, and interpreting the data. The results are visual depictions of the stakeholders’ collective thinking about a problem that help facilitate decision-making. In this paper, I describe CM, review CM physical activity projects, discuss opportunities for CM in kinesiology, and detail the limitations of CM. Professionals from the kinesiology subdisciplines can implement CM to facilitate collaboration and generate real-world solutions to real-world problems.
The Effects of a Science-Based Community Intervention on Health Outcomes in Minority Children: The Translational Health in Nutrition and Kinesiology Program
Arlette C. Perry, Emily W. Flanagan, Carolina Velasquez, Kara D. Bolon, Gina C. Zito, and Soyeon Ahn
beyond after-school programs, are often absent in such programs. The translational health in nutrition and kinesiology (THINK) program was designed to integrate nutrition and movement science (kinesiology) to educate children how to improve their personal lifestyle behaviors. Although other after
Overview of Translational Research, Implementation Science, and Scale-Up
Lindsay Nettlefold, Samantha M. Gray, Joanie Sims-Gould, and Heather A. McKay
to improve health outcomes in a broader population ( Colditz & Emmons, 2018 ). Translational Research and Implementation Science As noted in the preceding Editorial Commentary, Translational Research seeks to produce meaningful and positively impactful results that directly benefit human health and
Training and Career Development in Clinical and Translational Science: An Opportunity for Rehabilitation Scientists
Thomas H. Kelly and Carl G. Mattacola
The National Institutes of Health's Clinical and Translational Science Award initiative is designed to establish and promote academic centers of clinical and translational science (CTS) that are empowered to train and advance multi- and interdisciplinary investigators and research teams to apply new scientific knowledge and techniques to enhance patient care. Among the key components of a full-service center for CTS is an educational platform to support research training in CTS. Educational objectives and resources available to support the career development of the clinical and translational scientists, including clinical research education, mentored research training, and career development support, are described.
The purpose of the article is to provide an overview of the CTS educational model so that rehabilitation specialists can become more aware of potential resources that are available and become more involved in the delivery and initiation of the CTS model in their own workplace. Rehabilitation clinicians and scientists are well positioned to play important leadership roles in advancing the academic mission of CTS. Rigorous academic training in rehabilitation science serves as an effective foundation for supporting the translation of basic scientific discovery into improved health care. Rehabilitation professionals are immersed in patient care, familiar with interdisciplinary health care delivery, and skilled at working with multiple health care professionals.
The NIH Clinical and Translational Science Award initiative is an excellent opportunity to advance the academic development of rehabilitation scientists.
Pedagogical Cases: A New Translational Mechanism to Bridge Theory/Research Practice Gaps in Youth Physical Activity Education (PAE)
Kathleen M. Armour
This paper considers long-standing concerns about research/theory practice gaps in kinesiology, and proposes one potential solution. An analysis of the problem is followed by an overview and illustration of a new translational research mechanism: pedagogical cases (Armour, 2014). This mechanism has been designed to support the training and career-long development of practitioners in the broad field of physical activity education (PAE). It is argued that PAE practice is always interdisciplinary, therefore researchers in the kinesiology sub/disciplines have a responsibility to collaborate across disciplinary boundaries to develop new, interdisciplinary knowledge that meets the needs of practitioners. It is also argued that researchers and practitioners have a responsibility to work together to do the difficult synthesis work required to improve both research and practice.
Sport Rehabilitation and the Clinical and Translational Science Initiative
Carl G. Mattacola
Introduction to This Special Issue on Clinical and Translational Science
Mark A. Merrick and Michael G. Dolan
Translational Control of Protein Synthesis: Implications for Understanding Changes in Skeletal Muscle Mass
Leonard S. Jefferson and Scot R. Kimball
Gain or loss of skeletal muscle mass is due largely to the establishment of an imbalance between rates of protein synthesis and degradation. A key determinant of the rate of protein synthesis is translation initiation, a process regulated in part through binding of initiator methionyl-tRNA (met-tRNAi) and messenger RNA (mRNA) to a 40S ribosomal subunit. Either the met-tRNAi or mRNA binding step can become limiting for protein synthesis. Furthermore, the mRNA binding step can modulate translation of specific mRNAs with or without changes in the overall rate of protein synthesis. This report highlights molecular mechanisms involved in mediating control of the mRNA binding step in translation initiation. Particular attention is given to the effect of exercise on this step and to how the branched-chain amino acid leucine stimulates muscle protein synthesis after exercise. Potential mechanisms for exercise induced increase in muscle mass are discussed.
Key Recent Developments and Potential Future Directions for Research in Motor Behavior
A. Mark Williams and Bradley Fawver
translational and applied impact of their work. Perceptual–Cognitive Expertise The number of published papers focusing on areas associated with perceptual–cognitive expertise has expanded substantially over recent decades, with some of the key subareas highlighted in Table 2 . The empirical study of perceptual