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Bradley J. Cardinal, Hermann-J. Engels, and Weimo Zhu

The Transtheoreticai Model of behavior change was applied to a sample of 669 preadolescents (M age = 8.2) to determine whether stages of exercise could be observed. Associations between stage of exercise classification and demographic, fitness, and cognitive variables were examined. Stage of exercise classifications, on the basis of the Children’s Stage of Exercise Algorithm, were as follows: maintenance (50.8%), action (36.5%), preparation (3.1%), contemplation (4.9%), and precontemplation (4.6%). Stage of exercise was significantly related to gender, age, and grade level. Controlling for these differences, the relationship between exercise beliefs and stage of exercise was significant.

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William V. Massey, Stacy L. Gnacinski, and Barbara B. Meyer

Research has demonstrated the efficacy of psychological skills training (PST), yet many athletes do not appear ready to do whatever it takes to improve the mental aspects of performance. Although the transtheoretical model of behavior change (TTM), generally, and readiness to change, specifically, have received considerable attention in a range of allied health fields, few studies have been conducted to examine this construct in applied sport psychology. The purpose of the current study was to examine National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I athletes’ readiness for PST as it relates to their stage of change, decisional balance, self-efficacy, and use of processes of change. The data trends observed in the current study were consistent with the theoretical underpinnings of the TTM as well as previous research on NCAA Division I athletes. The results of the current study highlight the need to consider readiness to change when designing and implementing PST interventions.

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Joseph J. Gurgis, Gretchen A. Kerr, and Ashley E. Stirling

understand in which stage of change the individual resides ( Planchard, Corrion, Lehmann, & d’Arripe-Longueville, 2018 ). The findings of the current study, pertaining to the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change, indicated that the majority of the in-training/trained coaches reside at the

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Rebecca A. Zakrajsek and Sam J. Zizzi

This study examined: (1) coaches’ attitudes and readiness to use sport psychology (SP) services immediately following a SP workshop; and (2) the impact of an educational intervention on coaches’ attitudes and usage patterns during a one-month follow-up. Ninety swim coaches participated in the SP workshop and a total of 53 swim coaches completed the one-month follow-up. The majority of the sample coached at the high school or age group level. Data provided some evidence for the impact of a SP workshop on stage of change, with approximately 13% of coaches moving from precontemplation to contemplation. Two-way mixed ANOVAs did not reveal significant interactions (group × time) and main effects for time found that coaches’ personal openness, behavioral control, self-efficacy, and intentions increased while perceived barriers decreased immediately post-workshop. Furthermore, changes in coaches’ perceived barriers, behavioral control, and self-efficacy were maintained at the one-month follow-up while personal openness and intentions returned close to baseline. Lastly, no differences were found between the stage-matched and control group with regard to behavioral SP usage patterns (e.g., contacting a SP consultant, seeking out more information about SP). However, approximately 40% of coaches accessed the website during the four-week follow-up. The appropriateness of the transtheoretical model of behavior change applied to SP service use with coaches will be discussed.

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Frances Bevington, Katrina L. Piercy, Kate Olscamp, Sandra W. Hilfiker, Dena G. Fisher, and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

care providers. The campaign is grounded in the transtheoretical model of behavior change and aims to impact the behavior of physical activity contemplators. 5 The transtheoretical model has been used as the foundation for interventions to promote healthy behaviors, such as smoking cessation, condom

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Carena Winters

-based physical activity interventions . Archives of Internal Medicine, 167 ( 9 ), 944 – 949 . PubMed ID: 17502536 doi:10.1001/archinte.167.9.944 10.1001/archinte.167.9.944 Marshall , S.J. , & Biddle , S.J. ( 2001 ). The transtheoretical model of behavior change: A meta-analysis of applications to

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Colin B. Shore, Gill Hubbard, Trish Gorely, Robert Polson, Angus Hunter, and Stuart D. Galloway

13 , 18 showed that the transtheoretical model of behavior change was the most frequently utilized underlying theory of intervention design, whereas social cognitive theory, theory of planned behavior, and health belief model were used less. One low-quality review 19 that did not directly report on

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Katrina L. Piercy, Frances Bevington, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Sandra Williams Hilfiker, Sean Arayasirikul, and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

.2012-0207 23493091 10.1123/jpah.2012-0207 10. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion . Move Your Way . https://health.gov/moveyourway/ . Accessed May 20, 2019. 11. Prochaska JO . Transtheoretical model of behavior change . In: Gellman MD

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Claudia Meyer, Sophie Hill, Keith D. Hill, and Briony Dow

strategy for discussions, yet again, there is no related literature in the area of falls prevention. The Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change (TTM) has potential in the discussion, and adoption of, falls prevention strategies, adapting strategies to the relevant stage of change (precontemplation

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Michael Annear, Tetsuhiro Kidokoro, and Yasuo Shimizu

.4278/0890-1171-6.6.424 Marshall , S.J. , & Biddle , S.J. ( 2001 ). The transtheoretical model of behavior change: A meta-analysis of applications to physical activity and exercise . Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 23 ( 4 ), 229 – 246 . PubMed ID: 11761340 doi:10.1207/S15324796ABM2304_2 10.1207/S15324796ABM2304_2 Matheson