This study explores how trust is manifested and impacts on the levels of collaboration that take place in sport governance networks. A case study approach was used as the guiding method to examine the contributing factors that facilitate or inhibit trusting relationships between boards within sporting networks. Three sports from Australia were employed as the population for the study and 36 in-depth interviews were conducted with participants from national and state organizations operating within those networks, two federated and one partially unified. Interviews were analyzed using an interpretive process, and a thematic structure relating to the issues and impact of trust and distrust within the three networks was developed. Extant levels of trust, transparency, the capacity to build trust, and leadership emerged as the key themes in the study. The degree to which each of these dimensions was embedded in the cultures and processes of each network varied significantly. Leadership specifically, as a key finding, was shown to be an important factor in fostering collaborative relations at the governance level of these systems. A number of implications for sport governance practice and possible extensions for sport governance research based on these findings conclude the article.
Ian O’Boyle and David Shilbury
This paper explores how young girls develop trust in their equine partners for the purposes of competitive equestrian sport. I argue that interspecies trust manifests through interactional trust and system trust. Interactional trust, as reflected in the horse-human relationship, is built through joint action and results in symbolic interaction. System trust is made possible through the equine community; it develops through communication in an effort to reduce complexity and uncertainty in society. To encourage and sustain youth participation in competitive equestrian sports both interactional trust and system trust are necessary.
Laura J. Burton, Jon Welty Peachey and Janelle E. Wells
fosters trust in the leader and the organization ( Joseph & Winston, 2005 ; Sendjaya & Pekerti, 2010 ). In addition, organizations led by a servant leader are positively associated with procedural organizational justice ( Chung, Jung, Kyle, & Petrick, 2010 ; Ehrhart, 2004 ; Walumbwa, Hartnell, & Oke
Laura A. Gale, Ben A. Ives, Paul A. Potrac and Lee J. Nelson
Trust is a core ingredient of social life ( Barbalet, 2011 ; Karp, Yoels, Vann, & Borer, 2016 ; Ward, 2019 ). It has been described as the “faithfulness” or glue “upon which all social relationships ultimately depend” ( Ronglan, 2011 , p. 155), as it not only holds them together, but it is also
William E. Moore and John R. Stevenson
The purpose of this paper is to further illuminate trust as a specific mental skill during performance and to offer a three-phase program for training in trust. Trust is a skill in which athletes release conscious control over movements and allow automatic execution of the motor programs that have been developed through training. The performance goal is to release conscious control and free oneself from fear of mistakes in execution or outcome. Attainment of this goal depends on the quality and quantity of concentration, confidence, and composure necessary to access trust. To better acquire the necessary skills, athletes can benefit from a three-phase training program that provides an education phase, a skills training phase, and a skills monitoring phase. The elements of these phases are described, and example drills are suggested for training concentration, confidence, and composure skills in order to access trust.
Brian A. Eiler, Rosemary Al-Kire, Patrick C. Doyle and Heidi A. Wayment
.g., affective response, power, trust, well-being) is nearly non-existent. For example, an extremely recent systematic literature review on this topic only yielded seven studies for inclusion and concluded that disclosure research in naturalistic settings is limited by issues related to victim silencing and blaming, as
William E. Moore and John R. Stevenson
The concept of trust in performing complex automatic motor skills involves letting go of conscious controlling tendencies often learned during skill acquisition. Theories of motor control provide a framework for automatic selection and execution of movement sequences during skilled performance. Trust is viewed as a psychological skill in which the athlete releases conscious control over movements, thus allowing the automatic execution of the schema that have been developed through training. This paper defines and characterizes trust and its role in the performance of automatic sport skills, with the goal of suggesting a path for applied research concerning trust and sport skills performance.
Anna Robins and Marion M. Hetherington
A qualitative research study investigated food choice by triathletes prior to training and competition, and gauged attitudes towards nutritional management. Five focus groups were conducted with 7 male and 6 female non-elite triath-letes. Sessions were semi-structured, tape recorded, and transcribed verbatim for coding and analysis. Transcripts were coded using grounded theory and higher order themes emerged including: “somatic complaints,” “performance,” “trust,” “preferences,” and “routine.” Food choices, especially those of the more competitive triathletes, were made to maximize performance. Choices were based on past experience and “trial and error” rather than specialist advice. Subjects varied in nutritional knowledge, which appeared to relate to the level of competitiveness. More competitive triathletes were interested in improving performance but distrusted others making their nutritional choices. Less competitive triathletes embraced nutritional manipulation for gains in cognitive and athletic performance. “Trust” became a focus of the study and warrants further investigation, as this is a crucial component of providing nutritional advice to competitive athletes and to the general population.
Lee-Ann Sharp, Ken Hodge and Steve Danish
The purpose of this investigation was to; (a) examine what experienced SPCs perceived to be the necessary components of the sport psychology consulting relationship, and (b) examine individual contributions of the SPC and client to the consulting relationship. Purposeful sampling was used to recruit 10 experienced SPCs (8 male and 2 female, M age = 50.44 years, M years consulting experience = 21.67 years) who held current sport psychology accreditation/certification and who had considerable consulting experience. Following individual interviews, extensive content analysis revealed that the sport psychology consulting relationship was reflective of (a) rapport, (b) respect, (c) trust, (d) a partnership, and (e) a positive impact on the client. Members of the consulting relationship made individual contributions to the relationship; SPCs contributed; (a) honesty, (b) commitment, (c) knowledge and expertise, (d) counseling skills, and (e) professional ethical behavior. With clients contributing; (a) openness to change, (b) honesty, and (c) willingness to work.
Shih-Hao Wu, Ching-Yi Daphne Tsai and Chung-Chieh Hung
This study extends literature on the effects of fan identification on fan loyalty, and antecedents that trigger such effects. This study incorporates trust, a key relationship marketing construct, in the sport industry. The relationship between trust and two other critical antecedents of sport fan loyalty, identification and vicarious achievement motive, is examined from the perspectives of both fan-player and fan-team. The results show that antecedents from distinct perspectives influence loyalty differently. Team identification (fan-team level) is the major determinant of fans’ repatronage intention, with trust in the team as the key driver. However, player identification (fan-player level) has an indirect effect, which must go through team identification to repatronage intention. Therefore, sport organizations are recommended to invest a substantial part of their resources on activities that generate long-term effects, such as trust in the team and team identification, rather than on short-term strategies such as attracting star players.