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K. Andrew R. Richards and Michael A. Hemphill

trustworthiness ( Patton, 2015 ). Collaborative data analysis also allows for researchers to effectively manage large datasets while drawing upon diverse perspectives and counteracting individual biases ( Olson, McAllister, Grinnell, Walters, & Appunn, 2016 ). Further, collaborative approaches have been presented

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William A. Pitney

Column-editor : Thomas W. Kaminski

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Michelle R. Zitomer and Donna Goodwin

Qualitative inquiry is increasingly being used in adapted physical activity research, which raises questions about how to best evaluate its quality. This article aims to clarify the distinction between quality criteria (the what) and strategies (the how) in qualitative inquiry. An electronic keyword search was used to identify articles pertaining to quality evaluation published between 1995 and 2012 (n = 204). A five phase systematic review resulted in the identification of 56 articles for detailed review. Data extraction tables were generated and analyzed for commonalities in terminology and meanings. Six flexible criteria for gauging quality were formulated: reflexivity, credibility, resonance, significant contribution, ethics, and coherence. Strategies for achieving the established criteria were also identified. It is suggested that researchers indicate the paradigm under which they are working and guidelines by which they would like readers to evaluate their work as well as what criteria can be absent without affecting the research value.

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Julianne A. Wenner, Kimberly M.B. Tucker, Hannah G. Calvert, Tyler G. Johnson, and Lindsey Turner

: trustworthiness, information channels, and norms. Trustworthiness is described in terms of “credit slips” and obligations, in that one must be able to trust that when providing a resource or service to someone else, they will somehow be repaid or the action will be reciprocated. Information networks are the

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Laura A. Gale, Ben A. Ives, Paul A. Potrac, and Lee J. Nelson

recognition of the above, sociologists have increasingly considered the issue of trust and trustworthiness as they are connected to the social dynamics and functioning of organizations ( Luhman, 2017 ; Sztompka, 1999 ). In particular, researchers in this topic area have typically identified two inter

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Risto Marttinen, Brianna Meza, and Sara B. Flory

available from the data. In addition, the two coders and peer reviewer checked for negative cases against these themes. Trustworthiness and Credibility The researchers sought trustworthiness and credibility in the study by the use of a peer reviewer; implementing member checks; prolonged engagement in the

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Michael A. Hemphill, Yongsun Lee, Sarah Ragab, Jeremy Rinker, and Omari L. Dyson

employed to enhance the trustworthiness of the findings including triangulation of multiple sources and the inclusion of several data analyst, peer debriefings, and prolonged community engagement ( Burke, 2016 ). This was further enhanced by external program evaluations conducted by two university physical

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Jessica Barrett, Alicia Pike, and Stephanie Mazerolle

with the highest frequency of reporting amongst participants were trustworthy, considerate, and independent (15/15, 100%). The characteristics of helpful and self-sufficient were reported by 93% (14/15), while kind, organized, and supportive were reported by 13 participants (87%). The lowest reported

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Hyeonho Yu, Pamela H. Kulinna, and Shannon C. Mulhearn

and recess aides were anonymized by using pseudonyms. Trustworthiness measures included triangulation of researcher field notes, recess aides’ perceptions and students’ perceptions, a peer reviewer, and a search for negative cases. Results Physical Activity During Lunch Recess The average student

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Matthew D. Curtner-Smith, Gary D. Kinchin, Peter A. Hastie, Jamie J. Brunsdon, and Oleg A. Sinelnikov

the themes and subthemes within this article. Throughout this process, the fourth author acted as a peer debriefer and provided feedback on emerging codes, themes, and subthemes. Trustworthiness and credibility were established by a thorough search for discrepant and negative cases ( Goetz & LeCompte