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Hans Braun, Judith von Andrian-Werburg, Wilhelm Schänzer and Mario Thevis

major source of error during the assessment of the nutrition status is misreporting in the dietary records. Poslusna et al ( 43 ) evaluated misreporting of energy intake (EI) in 69 studies and identified 7.6%–49.0% (median: 32.5%) of all female subjects in the studies to be “under-reporters” (URs). A

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Satya S. Jonnalagadda, Dan Benardot and Marian N. Dill

This study examines the degree of under-reporting of energy intake by elite, female gymnasts, and the impact this predicted under-reporting has on associated macro and micro nutrient intake. Twenty-eight female U.S. national team artistic gymnasts participated in the study. Dietary intake was assessed using 3-day food records, and the degree of under-reporting was predicted from the ratio of reported energy intake (EI) to predicted basal metabolic rate (BMRestd), using the standards described by Goldberg et al. (10). Sixty-one percent of the subjects had an EI/BMRestd ratio of < 1.44, and were classified as under-reporters. The under-reporters had higher BMIs and percent body fat, and lower reported total energy intakes than the adequate energy reporters. Additionally, under-reporting of energy intake had a significant impact on reported micro nutrient intake. The under-reporting of energy intake seen in these subjects has an impact on the reported intake of macro and micro nutrients that can influence the interpretation of the nutritional status of these athletes and the strategy for nutrition intervention. Therefore, when assessing dietary intakes of elite gymnasts, some means of determining the accuracy of the reported energy and nutrient intake should be employed to more accurately identify the true nutritional problems experienced by these elite athletes.

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Monica Klungland Torstveit, Ida Fahrenholtz, Thomas B. Stenqvist, Øystein Sylta and Anna Melin

the risk of including under-reporters. In conclusion, we found that male endurance athletes with suppressed RMR, despite similar 24-hr EB and EA, spent more time in energy deficits exceeding 400 kcal and had larger single-hour energy deficits compared with those with normal RMR. WDED was associated