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Glynn M. McGehee, Armin A. Marquez, Beth A. Cianfrone and Timothy Kellison

geographically distant athletic facilities or dorms. Other benefits of stadiums that may apply to urban institutions include fostering economic and urban development ( Crompton, 2004 ; Huberty et al., 2016 ). Urban Development Professional teams have also presented tangible economic benefits brought by new

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Richelle Clark and Laura Misener

This study investigates the underdeveloped area of event portfolios in an attempt to fill a gap in the existing literature. This research article examines strategic positioning of events and the critical role they play in local development. To understand this, a case study design was performed in a medium-sized city in Canada. The purpose of the study was to determine how the city has used sport events for broader local development and enhancement of the civic brand. Interviews with local city actors and document analyses were used to further understand the strategies within the community. The results show that although a city may possess the necessary portfolio components as per Ziakas & Costa (2011), it is essential that there is a strategy that bridges the pieces of the portfolio for sustainable development. Consequently, we found that sequencing, or the strategic timing of events and political grounds, played a crucial role in this process.

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Hyung Jin Kim and Chanam Lee

Background:

A public elementary school has traditionally functioned as an important center of a neighborhood, but this role has diminished with sprawling urban developments. Despite the large number of studies of children’s walking to/from school (WTS), the school’s location in relation to the larger neighborhood context has not been fully explored. This study is to examine the relationship between school’s spatial centrality and children’s WTS in urban, suburban and rural settings.

Methods:

this study used school travel tally (11,721 students), environment audit, GIS and census data from 71 elementary school/neighborhoods in Texas, and employed the closeness centrality index to estimate a school’s spatial centrality. Data were collected from 2009–2012.

Results:

After controlling for neighborhood characteristics, it was found that more centrally located schools are likely to have higher proportions of WTS in the neighborhoods. And, among urban, suburban and rural settings, urban schools were the most and rural schools were the least likely to be centrally-located in the neighborhoods.

Conclusions:

The findings offer implications on school and community planning policies that can help promote WTS. Spatial centrality measures can be effective tools to identify environmental factors in complex urban networks related to human behaviors and community-based activities.

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Jay Scherer

While the public subsidy of major league sport franchises and associated urban development projects remains wildly popular in some constituencies, these expenditures have, increasingly, been met with organized resistance. This article examines the formation of Voices for Democracy (VFD)—a grassroots community group that opposed the use of public funds to build a CAD $606.5 million arena and entertainment district in Edmonton, Alberta. I begin by providing an analysis of VFD’s division of labor and the collective development of the group’s political claims and tactical repertoire to challenge a powerful growth coalition between 2011–2013. Next, I examine the unfavorable political opportunity structure that set decisive limits on what the group could challenge. The article concludes with a discussion of why VFD was unable to cultivate a more widespread coalition of support and, in turn, how the ‘boosterish’ coalition in Edmonton—a coalition that included the Edmonton Oilers, the downtown business community, the mayor and a majority of council, and senior civil servants—were able to contain opposition over the course of this divisive debate.

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Joyce Olushola Ogunrinde

of local citizens. Using a Swedish context, author Book describes the synergy between the sport and urban development contexts and the use of a physical activity as a catalyst from urban development. Section 6 on Law and Governance opens with Chapter 29 examining the U.S. legal landscape in the trend

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Lin Yu, Hanhan Xue and Joshua I. Newman

analysis of the urban development strategies of four major cities across Pacific Asia, Silk and Manley ( 2012 ) describe the extent to which event-sport has been identified and promoted as a strategic technology for swiftly bringing the city (economically, culturally, politically) into the global fold

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André O. Werneck, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Rômulo A. Fernandes, Marcelo Romanzini, Enio R.V. Ronque, Edilson S. Cyrino, Luís B. Sardinha and Danilo R. Silva

and inner cities, especially in terms of urban development and gross domestic product, is more strongly reflected in Northeast and North regions. 11 Given the relationship between health behaviors and urban development and socioeconomic status, 12 , 13 it is important to also identify and understand

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Kyle Bunds and Jonathan Casper

Journal of Sport and Social Issues special issue on “Sport, Environmentalism, Land Use, and Urban Development”, Mincyte, Casper, and Cole ( 2009 ) note that, despite an increase of interest in the mainstream on issues of “greening”, sport sociologists had theretofore contributed little 4 to

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Rebecca Reynolds, Santhya and David Menzies

; making policy recommendations, including changes to the Medicare Benefits Scheme 9 ; developing government-endorsed national physical activity strategy that includes the built environment and urban development; and increasing funding from government, partly resulting in an increased accessibility to

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Ernest Boakye-Dankwa, Anthony Barnett, Nancy A. Pachana, Gavin Turrell and Ester Cerin

Special Administrative Region . ( 2016 ). Hong Kong: The facts—New towns, new development areas and urban developments . Retrieved from https://www.gov.hk/en/about/abouthk/factsheets/docs/towns%26urban_developments.pdf Clarke , P. , & Nieuwenhuijsen , E.R. ( 2009 ). Environments for healthy ageing