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Meredith J. Luttrell, Benjamin R. Mardis, Joshua M. Bock, Erika Iwamoto, Satoshi Hanada, Kenichi Ueda, Andrew J. Feider, Kenzie Temperly and Darren Casey

angiostasis or capillary rarefaction ( Olfert, Baum, Hellsten, & Egginton, 2016 ). To date, dozens of angioregulatory factors have been identified ( Egginton, 2009 ). These include the potent mitogen vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the angiostatic factors thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) and endostatin

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Livia Victorino Souza, Franciele De Meneck, Vanessa Oliveira, Elisa Mieko Higa, Eliana Hiromi Akamine and Maria do Carmo Franco

not entirely clear but have been linked to an increase in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, hypoxic-inducible factor 1, and matrix metalloproteinase 9 ( 19 , 21 , 36 ). It is important to note that the release of EPCs in response to physical activity occurs

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Kieran J. Marston, Belinda M. Brown, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, Sabine Bird, Linda K. Wijaya, Shaun Y. M. Teo, Ralph N. Martins and Jeremiah J. Peiffer

-related cognitive decline ( Barnes, 2015 ), with key growth factors a likely mechanism, including brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which are associated with neurogenesis, neuroprotection, and vascular growth, respectively

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Liina Remmel, Vallo Tillmann, Eva Mengel, Pille Kool, Priit Purge, Evelin Lätt and Jaak Jürimäe

). The intraassay and interassay coefficients of variation were less than 7%, and the least detection limit was 1 µg/mL. Using Evidence ® Biochip Array Technology (Randox Laboratories Ltd, Crumlin, UK), ILs (2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 1α, and 1β), vascular endothelial growth factor, IFN-γ, TNF-α, MCP-1, EGF, and

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Xiao Bao, Jie-Wen Tan, Ying Long, Howe Liu and Hui-Yu Liu

hypoxia was able to accelerate release of neurotransmitters related to vasodilator or vasculogenesis, such as nitric oxide, hypoxia-inducible factor 1, 19 and vascular endothelial growth factor. 20 , 21 To date, the physiological mechanism underlying vascular adaptations to hypoxic exercise training had

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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez, Elaia Torrontegi, Zigor Montalvo, Alejandro Lucia and Pedro de la Villa

exercise recovery in athletes. The EECP-induced shear stress stimulates vasodilatation through the release of nitric oxide and vascular endothelial growth factor. 7 , 9 In addition, EECP might improve endothelial function and increase venous return, blood flow velocity, cardiac preload, and cardiac output

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Jongbum Ko, Dalton Deprez, Keely Shaw, Jane Alcorn, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Corey Tomczak, Heather Foulds and Philip D. Chilibeck

Stretching of lower hind limbs of older rats (30 min/d, 5 d/wk for 4 wk) resulted in increased production of vascular endothelial growth factor and increased capillarization, adaptations that led to decreased vascular resistance, which could potentially decrease blood pressure. 8 Another mechanism by which

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Erin L. McCleave, Katie M. Slattery, Rob Duffield, Philo U. Saunders, Avish P. Sharma, Stephen Crowcroft and Aaron J. Coutts

elevated immediately following acute heat or hypoxic exposure, 11 as well as periods of heat acclimation, 12 and assist in the stabilization of HIF-1 α 7 during cellular stress. Activating the HIF-1 α pathway signals the release of erythropoietin and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to promote

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Luana Siqueira Andrade, Stephanie Santana Pinto, Mariana Ribeiro Silva, Paula Carolini Campelo, Samara Nickel Rodrigues, Mariana Borba Gomes, Vitor Lima Krüger, Graciele Ferreira de Ferreira and Cristine Lima Alberton

ID: 25638041 doi:10.1093/arclin/acv001 10.1093/arclin/acv001 25638041 27. Kang D , Bressel E , Kim D . Effects of aquatic exercise on insulin-like growth factor-1, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, and cognitive function in elderly women . Exp Gerontol

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Élvio R. Gouveia, Asim Smailagic, Andreas Ihle, Adilson Marques, Bruna R. Gouveia, Mónica Cameirão, Honorato Sousa, Matthias Kliegel and Daniel Siewiorek

( Hampson, Driesen, Skudlarski, Gore, & Constable, 2006 ). Finally, it has been speculated that exercise-induced neurogenesis and angiogenesis is potentiated by an increase in some molecules such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor, insulin-like growth factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor