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Kate Sanders, Carl M. Maresh, Kevin D. Ballard, Brent C. Creighton, J. Luke Pryor, William J. Kraemer, Jeff S. Volek and Jeff M. Anderson

Compared with their physically active peers, overweight sedentary postmenopausal women demonstrate impaired vascular endothelial function (VEF), substantially increasing the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Habitual exercise is associated with improved VEF and reduced CVD risk. The purpose of this study was to compare brachial artery flow mediated dilation (FMD), a measure of VEF, in overweight, postmenopausal women who were physically active (EX: n = 17, BMI: 29.3 ± 3.11 kg/m2) or sedentary (CON: n = 8, BMI: 30.3 ± 3.6 kg/m2). Anthropomorphic measures were similar in both groups (P > .05). FMD was significantly greater in EX (10.24 ± 2.36%) versus CON (6.60 ± 2.18%) (P < .002). FMD was not significantly correlated with estimated VO2max (EX: r = .17, P = .52; CON: r = .20, P = .60) but was negatively associated with percent body fat in EX group (EX: r = -.48, P = .05; CON: r = .41, P = .31). These results are consistent with the positive effects of habitual exercise on VEF in overweight postmenopausal women.

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Scott W. Cheatham, Kyle R. Stull and Morey J. Kolber

arterial stiffness, and improve vascular endothelial function, all which are associated with local physiological changes. 5 The roller density and surface texture may enhance the effects of the intervention. Higher density multilevel surface rollers appear to produce more pressure to the target tissues

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Diego B. Souza, Michael Duncan and Marcos D. Polito

Imaging . 2016 ; 36 : 231 – 236 . PubMed ID: 25431280 doi:10.1111/cpf.12218 25431280 10.1111/cpf.12218 6. Shimizu R , Hotta K , Yamamoto S , et al . Low-intensity resistance training with blood flow restriction improves vascular endothelial function and peripheral blood circulation in healthy

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Austin T. Robinson, Adriana Mazzuco, Ahmad S. Sabbahi, Audrey Borghi-Silva and Shane A. Phillips

effect of exertional hypertension evoked by weight lifting on vascular endothelial function . Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 48 ( 3 ), 588 – 589 . PubMed ID: 16875990 doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2006.05.004 10.1016/j.jacc.2006.05.004 Kedia , A.W. , Hofheins , J.E. , Habowski , S

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Heather Hayes Betz, Joey C. Eisenmann, Kelly R. Laurson, Katrina D. DuBose, Mathew J. Reeves, Joseph J. Carlson and Karin A. Pfeiffer

-010-1781-1 35. Pahkala K , Heinonen O , Lagström H , et al . Vascular endothelial function and leisure-time physical activity in adolescents . Circulation . 2008 ; 118 ( 23 ): 2353 – 9 . PubMed doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.791988 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.791988 19015403 36. Parrett AL

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Ali M. McManus, Nathan R. Sletten and Daniel J. Green

improved vascular endothelial function with exercise training in adolescents ( 41 ), little is known about the optimal exercise for vascular endothelial benefit in the child. The response of the vascular endothelium to acute bouts of exercise provides insight into early endothelial adaptations noted with

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Livia Victorino Souza, Franciele De Meneck, Vanessa Oliveira, Elisa Mieko Higa, Eliana Hiromi Akamine and Maria do Carmo Franco

ID: 26458943 doi:10.1186/s12969-015-0038-4 26458943 10.1186/s12969-015-0038-4 30. Pahkala K , Heinonen OJ , Simell O , et al . Association of physical activity with vascular endothelial function and intima-media thickness . Circulation . 2011 ; 124 ( 18 ): 1956 – 63 . PubMed ID: 21969011

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Alexei Wong, Marcos A. Sanchez-Gonzalez, Won-Mok Son, Yi-Sub Kwak and Song-Young Park

 al ( 43 ) observed an improvement in flow mediated dilation (FMD), a NO-dependent measure of vascular endothelial function ( 42 ), after 8 weeks of CET in obese adolescents (mean age = 14 y). In contrast to findings, Farpour-Lambert et al ( 14 ) reported no changes in FMD after 12 weeks of CET in

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Joowon Lee, Baojiang Chen, Harold W. Kohl III, Carolyn E. Barlow, Chong do Lee, Nina B. Radford, Laura F. DeFina and Kelley P. Gabriel

) a decrease of blood pressure ( Buse et al., 2007 ), and (e) an improvement of vascular endothelial function through an increase of nitric oxide bioavailability ( Green et al., 2003 ). Thus, it appears that PA favorably affects an extensive range of cardiovascular risk factors, and this change in the

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Scott W. Cheatham and Kyle R. Stull

changes, and cellular responses. 19 , 54 Researchers have also found that rolling reduces local arterial stiffness, 55 increases arterial tissue perfusion, 56 and improves vascular endothelial function, 55 which are all related to local physiological changes. For the neurophysiological effect, the