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George Antonogeorgos, Anastasios Papadimitriou, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos, Kostas N. Priftis, and Polyxeni Nikolaidou


Childhood obesity has become a modern epidemic with escalating rates. The aim of our study was to identify physical activity patterns among Greek schoolchildren and to examine their relationship with obesity.


700 adolescents age 10 to 12 years were evaluated through a standardized questionnaire. Several demographic, socioeconomic, and physical activity characteristics were recorded. Physical activity was assessed and adolescents were characterized as active and nonactive. Body height and weight were measured and body mass index was calculated in order to to classify subjects as overweight or obese (IOTF classification). Multiple logistic regression and multivariate techniques (principal components analysis) were performed.


Eight physical activity patterns were identified, including increased physical activity in weekdays and weekends, sports physical activity, vigorous, moderate, and low physical activity. Increased physical activity on weekends and vigorous physical activity in boys were negatively associated with being overweight or obese (OR: 0.65; 95% CI: 0.48−0.90 and OR: 0.66; 95% CI: 0.49−0.88, correspondingly) and moderate physical activity was marginally positively associated in girls (OR: 1.28; 95% CI: 0.97−1.69), after adjusting for several confounders.


Our findings demonstrate the important role of vigorous physical activity in the maintenance of normal weight of adolescents

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Jonathan Kingsley, Nyssa Hadgraft, Neville Owen, Takemi Sugiyama, David W. Dunstan, and Manoj Chandrabose

as watering; (b) moderate-intensity activity, such as weeding and harvesting; and (c) vigorous-intensity activity, such as digging and carrying heavy materials. Research to date has in the main identified the health benefits of low- to moderate-intensity gardening, or gardening participation in

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Judith Godin, Joanna M. Blodgett, Kenneth Rockwood, and Olga Theou

physical activity, moderate–vigorous physical activity), sedentary time is the one people engage in the most ( Blodgett, Theou, Kirkland, Andreou, & Rockwood, 2014 ; Matthews et al., 2008 ). Furthermore, time spent engaging in sedentary behaviors has been found to be associated with poor health outcomes

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Damián Iglesias, Javier Fernandez-Rio, and Pablo Rodríguez-González

activity (PA) ( Guthold et al., 2020 ). A recent summary of the evidence highlighted that greater amounts and higher intensities of daily PA are associated with improved health outcomes and its protective effect on obesity ( Chaput et al., 2020 ). Moreover, regular moderate-to-vigorous physical activity

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Anna Hall, Madisen Hillebrant-Openshaw, Sierra Baca-Zeff, and Irene van Woerden

guide lifestyle interventions that may improve health and wellness in older adulthood. Objective data, such as accelerometry devices that capture body movement intensity and moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) levels offer significant improvements over self-report measures of PA, such as continuous and

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Pedro F. Saint-Maurice, David Berrigan, Geoffrey P. Whitfield, Kathleen B. Watson, Shreya Patel, Erikka Loftfield, Joshua N. Sampson, Janet E. Fulton, and Charles E. Matthews

Physical activity guidelines recommend adults accumulate at least 150 to 300 minutes per week of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, 75 to 150 minutes per week of vigorous-intensity activity, or an equivalent combination of both. 1 Adults can achieve these recommendations by engaging in moderate

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Jacob G. Rademacher, Mathew J. Wingerson, Katherine L. Smulligan, Casey C. Little, Julie C. Wilson, and David R. Howell

evaluating exercise behaviors. Specifically, the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans outline the need for children and adolescents, ages 6–17, to engage in 60 or more minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) daily. 13 Research identifying optimal exercise parameters during concussion

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Leigh Gabel, Heather M. Macdonald, Lindsay Nettlefold, and Heather A. McKay

that involve jumping and running) ( 48 ). We know that vigorous physical activity (VPA) is beneficial for bone strength accrual; however, we do not yet know the precise prescription of VPA (ie, frequency and total volume) for optimal accrual of bone strength during growth. Current Canadian public

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Emily Borgundvaag, Michael McIsaac, Michael M. Borghese, and Ian Janssen

Moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) benefits a child’s health. 1 Accelerometers are commonly used to objectively measure how much MVPA children accumulate. Issues inherent to accelerometers may lead to biased MVPA estimates. 2 , 3 One of these issues is nonwear time. Nonwear time occurs

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Sandra Silva-Santos, Amanda Santos, Michael Duncan, Susana Vale, and Jorge Mota

children accumulate at least 1 h of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) daily ( Tremblay et al., 2012 ). These recommendations go on to explain that children can accumulate PA intermittently throughout the day, and can include light intensity activities such as standing, moving around, and active