visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), hepatic lipid content, IMAT, and IMCL ( 26 , 30 ). Therefore, the use of these imaging techniques in clinical research settings allows to investigate and develop an effective prevention and treatment strategy for reductions in depot
William R. Sukala, Rachel Page, Chris Lonsdale, Isabelle Lys, David Rowlands, Jeremy Krebs, Murray Leikis and Birinder Singh Cheema
To evaluate the differential effect of 2, group-based exercise modalities on quality of life (QoL) in indigenous Polynesian peoples with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and visceral obesity.
Participants were randomized to resistance training or aerobic training performed 3 times per for 16 weeks. The Short-Form 36 was administered at baseline and post intervention to assess 8 domains and physical and mental component scales (PCS and MCS) of QoL.
With the exception of Mental Health and MCS, all scores were lower at baseline than general population norms. Significant improvements were documented in several QoL scores in each group post intervention. No group × time interactions were noted. Pooled analyses of the total cohort indicated significantly improved Physical Functioning, Role-Physical, Bodily Pain, General Health, Vitality, Role-Emotional, PCS and MCS. Adaptation ranged from 5%−22%, and demonstrated a moderate-to-large effect (Cohen’s d = 0.64−1.29). All measures of QoL increased to near equivalent, or greater than general norms.
Exercise, regardless of specific modality, can improve many aspects of QoL in this population. Robust trials are required to investigate factors mediating improvements in QoL, and create greater advocacy for exercise as a QoL intervention in this and other indigenous populations with T2DM.
Christine Boyd Stopka and Kimberly L. Zambito
Alessandra Prioreschi and Lisa K. Micklesfield
of daytime napping; however, the questionnaire provided unreliable and largely unusable data. For this reason, we excluded the sleep time component of the movement guidelines from the analysis. Abdominal Adiposity Visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) were measured using an (LOGIQ e
S. Nicole Fearnbach, Neil M. Johannsen, Corby K. Martin, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Robbie A. Beyl, Daniel S. Hsia, Owen T. Carmichael and Amanda E. Staiano
American individuals, we also conducted an exploratory analysis by racial background. As African Americans tend to have higher FFM and lower visceral adipose tissue (VAT) for the same BW ( 9 , 24 ), we hypothesized that they would have higher fitness levels than white adolescents and would be less
Peter T. Katzmarzyk and Amanda E. Staiano
. Variations in the attenuation ratio (determined from known tissue content) established the fat content of the tissue at each pixel. Abdominal subcutaneous (SAT) and visceral adipose tissues (VAT) were measured from cross-sectional magnetic resonance imaging scans obtained from a General Electric (GE) Signa
Fernando Naclerio, Eneko Larumbe-Zabala, Mar Larrosa, Aitor Centeno, Jonathan Esteve-Lanao and Diego Moreno-Pérez
composition and performance in well-trained male endurance runners. The primary outcomes measures were whole-body fat mass, whole-body lean mass, total trunk fat mass, trunk lean mass, visceral fat mass, total (right and left) upper and lower body limb lean and fat mass. Secondary outcomes measures included
Martin J. Barwood, Joe Kupusarevic and Stuart Goodall
perceptual effect with repeated application. Consequently, a combination of peripheral and visceral thermoreceptor stimulation may be a more viable target for performance enhancement rather than visceral or peripheral alone. There is good evidence that menthol ingestion is performance enhancing, 10 and we
Mary G. McDonald
). Alan Ingham and colleagues have additionally discussed communitas as sport marketers’ mobilization of fan’s spontaneous, visceral connections to professional teams in ways which privilege owners’ own economic interests ( Ingham & McDonald, 2003 ; Smith & Ingham, 2003 ). These approaches reveal the
Xiaomin Sun, Zhen-Bo Cao, Kumpei Tanisawa, Satomi Oshima and Mitsuru Higuchi
between serum 25(OH)D concentrations and glucose profiles also exist in male collegiate football athletes. In addition, the body fat percent and visceral fat area (VFA) have been convincingly shown to be stronger predictors of insulin resistance and T2DM in Asians compared with body mass index (BMI; Yoon