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Mohammed M. Althomali and Susan J. Leat

, with advancing age there is also increasing impairment of many aspects of vision ( Ball, Beard, Roenker, Miller, & Griggs, 1988 ; Elliott, Whitaker, & MacVeigh, 1990 ; Klein, Klein, Linton, & De Mets, 1991 ; Kosnik, Winslow, Kline, Rasinski, & Sekuler, 1988 ; Leat et al., 2013 ). Many of these

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Christina D. Davlin, William A. Sands, and Barry B. Shultz

During a back tuck somersault, the angular velocity of the head is thought to surpass the visual system's ability to maintain a distinct and continuous picture of the environment. The primary objectives of this research were to determine if differences existed with regard to trunk and lower body kinematics, as well as landing balance, when gymnasts perform back tuck somersaults under different vision conditions. Ten female gymnasts (age = 11.6 ± 2.67 years, competitive level = 8 ± 1.15, and training time in gymnastics = 5.9 ± 1.63 years) performed back tuck somersaults under 4 vision conditions while wearing electromagnetic sensors that allowed automatic digitizing. Although no significant differences were found between vision conditions with regard to timing, joint angles, and joint angular velocities, gymnasts were more stable at landing under conditions that allowed vision during either the entire somersault or the last half of me somersault.

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Daniela Corbetta, Rebecca F. Wiener, Sabrina L. Thurman, and Emalie McMahon

subsequent development are primarily guided by vision. This is still a widely-accepted interpretation, one that continues to be heralded in motor development textbooks despite discoveries in the past 25 years increasingly pointing toward a different process explanation of how infants are learning to reach

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Nathan J. Robey, Kurt O. Buchholz, Shane P. Murphy, Jeremy D. Smith, and Gary D. Heise

of the central nervous system’s feedback to maintain appropriate neuromuscular control. 22 , 23 For example, increased reliance on visual feedback has been observed in ACLR individuals as they present with greater differences in stability when vision is removed compared with controls. 19 , 24 – 26

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Theresa L. Miyashita and Paul A. Ullucci

abnormalities, 15 decreased visual accuracy, 12 , 16 and difficulty maintaining visual attention. 14 , 16 Common concussion symptoms associated with vestibulo-ocular system dysfunction include headache, dizziness, sore eyes, blurred vision, difficulty reading, and words appearing out of focus. 11 , 15 The

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Derek Panchuk and Michael Maloney

, 2003 ; Mann et al., 2010 ). This information is perceived using varying combinations of central and peripheral vision ( Vater, Williams, & Hossner, 2019 ). However, research exploring peripheral vision (relative to central vision) in sport is much less common, despite it making up the largest portion

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David A. Urquhart, Gordon A. Bloom, and Todd M. Loughead

a coaching vision that reflected their quest for continuous improvement. Coaching vision has been defined as a standard of excellence that the coach upholds throughout all aspects of a program by integrating long-term goals and the coach’s philosophy ( Vallée & Bloom, 2005 ). To fully understand

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Kyung-Min Kim, Joo-Sung Kim, Jeonghoon Oh, and Dustin R. Grooms

quantifying sensory dependence by utilizing sway-referenced conditions. Specifically, the SOT engages a sway-referenced support condition to knockdown the somatosensory system and a sway-referenced vision (SRV) condition to knockdown the visual system. The SOT provides a standardized assessment of sensory

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Yuko Kuramatsu, Yuji Yamamoto, and Shin-Ichi Izumi

into a controllable system ( Bernstein, 1996 ). In particular, individuals with hemiparesis are reportedly heavily reliant on visual inputs ( Marigold & Eng, 2006 ). A whole-body movement task can be constrained by restricting the vision of poststroke individuals with hemiparesis, who then have to

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Seunguk Han, Hyunwook Lee, S. Jun Son, Hyunsoo Kim, and J. Ty Hopkins

closed [EC], and stroboscopic vision [SV]). Dependent variables were CoP path length in the anterior–posterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML) and CoP velocity during static postural control. Participants A total of 57 physically active individuals (19 patients with CAI, 19 copers, and 19 controls) with an