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Luciana Zuest

visual methods to explore adolescent girls’ PA experiences in their daily lives. That is, this study used visual methods to understand how girls living in a rural community construct and interpret their engagement in PA. Over the past two decades, researchers have adopted visual methods to give youth

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Mara Simon and Laura Azzarito

, J.F. ( 2011 ). The echoes of slavery: Recognizing the racist origins of the agricultural and domestic worker exclusion from the National Labor Relations act . Ohio State Law Journal, 72 , 95 – 138 . Prosser , J. ( 2007 ). Visual methods and the visual culture of schools . Visual Studies

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Timothy Jon Curry

Photo-elicitation is a technique of interviewing in which photographs are used to stimulate and guide a discussion between the interviewer and the respondent. While much of the previous research done with the method has been conducted by anthropologists in foreign cultures, the technique is also well suited for the study of sports in America. This article discusses the advantages and disadvantages of this method in comparison to standard interviewing, participant observation, and survey methods of studying sports. An illustrative portion is presented of a photo-elicitation interview conducted with an elite college wrestler about the violence, pain, and injury inherent in his sport, and the article concludes with a brief description of other sociology of sport topics currently being researched with the photo-elicitation interview.

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Noora J. Ronkainen, Tatiana V. Ryba and Jacquelyn Allen-Collinson

an athlete Low-structured interview Entry to upper secondary sport school Aspiring preelite student-athlete T2 (first year, spring) Adaptation to upper secondary school Hopes and dreams Low-structured interview Visual methods Struggling with dual-career demands Performance problems in sport T3 (third

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Christopher Joyce, Angus Burnett and Miccal Matthews

No method currently exists to determine the location of the kick point during the golf swing. This study consisted of two phases. In the first phase, the static kick point of 10 drivers (having identical grip and head but fitted with shafts of differing mass and stiffness) was determined by two methods: (1) a visual method used by professional club fitters and (2) an algorithm using 3D locations of markers positioned on the golf club. Using level of agreement statistics, we showed the latter technique was a valid method to determine the location of the static kick point. In phase two, the validated method was used to determine the dynamic kick point during the golf swing. Twelve elite male golfers had three shots analyzed for two drivers fitted with stiff shafts of differing mass (56 g and 78 g). Excellent between-trial reliability was found for dynamic kick point location. Differences were found for dynamic kick point location when compared with static kick point location, as well as between-shaft and within-shaft. These findings have implications for future investigations examining the bending behavior of golf clubs, as well as being useful to examine relationships between properties of the shaft and launch parameters.

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Research Work Routines in Newspaper Sports Departments and the Coverage of Women’s Sports Nancy Theberge Alan Cronk 9 1986 3 3 195 203 10.1123/ssj.3.3.195 A Visual Method of Studying Sports: The Photo-Elicitation Interview Timothy Jon Curry 9 1986 3 3 204 216 10.1123/ssj.3.3.204 Outside North

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John Deidouss

recordings. The fourth chapter discusses methods of transferring embodied skills, such as through movement, verbal communication, imagination, space and visual methods. Moreover, the chapter explains the connections between these methods and the limitations of utilizing solely verbal communication to

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Déirdre Ní Chróinín, Maura Coulter and Melissa Parker

in physical education (e.g.,  Dyson, 2001 ; Hastie & Sinelnikov, 2006 ). This literature, often through the use of visual methods, has positioned children as expert communicants of their own cultures, accurately capturing their voices as a reliable resource for understanding their formal and

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Jihyeon Lee and Laura Azzarito

poststructuralist perspective on girls in physical education . Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 77 ( 2 ), 222 – 239 .PubMed ID: 16898278 10.1080/02701367.2006.10599356 Banks , M. ( 2001 ). Visual methods in social research. London, UK : Sage . 10.4135/9780857020284 Bhabha , H. ( 2015

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Aisha Chen, Sandhya Selvaraj, Vennila Krishnan and Shadnaz Asgari

directions (Table  1 ). In fact, paired t test analyses revealed that the calculated COP displacement by method 1, visual, method 2, and method 3 was in increasing order (significantly), respectively. We also observed that regardless of the method, the COP displacement in AP direction was significantly