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Multimodal Exercise Benefits Mobility in Older Adults With Visual Impairment: A Preliminary Study

Madeleine E. Hackney, Courtney D. Hall, Katharina V. Echt, and Steven L. Wolf

Evidence-based recommendations for interventions to reduce fall risk in older adults with visual impairment are lacking. Adapted tango dance (Tango) and a balance and mobility program (FallProof) have improved mobility, balance, and quality of life (QOL) in individuals with movement impairment. This study compared the efficacy of Tango and FallProof for 32 individuals with visual impairment (age: M = 79.3, SD =11 [51–95 years]). Participants were assigned to Tango or FallProof to complete twenty, 90-min lessons within 12 weeks. Participants underwent assessment of balance, dual-tasking, endurance, gait, and vision-related QOL. The balance reactions of participants in both groups improved (p < .001). Endurance, cognitive dual-tasking, and vision-related QOL may have improved more for Tango than FallProof. Group differences and gains were maintained across time. Both programs could be effective options for motor rehabilitation for older adults with visual impairment because they may improve mobility and QOL while reducing fall risk.

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Physical Activity Among Older Adults With Visual Impairment: A Scoping Review

Meridith Griffin, Brett Smith, P. David Howe, and Cassandra Phoenix

In this paper we present a scoping review of literature on aging, visual impairment, and physical activity. Our objectives are to: (a) explore the available literature on aging, physical activity, and sight loss; (b) describe how participation in physical activity by older adults with visual impairment is understood by researchers; and, (c) identify benefits, barriers, and facilitators of physical activity participation as reported by older adults with age-related sight loss. Over 2,000 sources were reviewed, with 30 studies meeting eligibility criteria. Findings were organized into four thematic categories, namely: (a) participation rates; (b) health inequalities; (c) barriers to physical activity participation; and, (d) benefits of physical activity participation. Through this scoping review process, extant knowledge was synthesized and gaps in the literature were critically assessed. To address these gaps, several avenues for future research are outlined and described, alongside a consideration of the implications of the scoping review findings for both policy and practice.

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Balance Control in Individuals With Visual Impairment: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Hamed Zarei, Ali Asghar Norasteh, Lauren J. Lieberman, Michael W. Ertel, and Ali Brian

). When one of these systems involved in postural balance is deactivated, balance control will be deficient ( Seidler et al., 2015 ). Individuals with visual impairment (IwVI) are deprived of the first and most widely utilized sense in humans, vision. The visual system is of particular importance in motor

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Psychometric Properties of the Test of Gross Motor Development-3 for Children With Visual Impairments

Ali Brian, Sally Taunton, Lauren J. Lieberman, Pamela Haibach-Beach, John Foley, and Sara Santarossa

, DeMartelaer, Samaey, & Andries, 2008 ), which was the original intent of its developers ( Ulrich, 1985 , 2000 ). Given the frequency and severity of gross motor delays for individuals with visual impairments ( Haegele, Brian, & Goodway, 2015 ; Haibach, Wagner, & Lieberman, 2014 ; Houwen, Hartman

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Barriers, Expectancy-Value Beliefs, and Physical Activity Engagement Among Adults With Visual Impairments

T.N. Kirk, Justin A. Haegele, and Xihe Zhu

., 2013 ; Vallance et al., 2011 ; Zhai et al., 2015 ) and anxiety (e.g.,  Goodwin, 2003 ; Stubbs et al., 2017 ). Despite this, reports indicate that the majority of adults with visual impairments do not typically meet physical activity guidelines ( Carroll et al., 2014 ; Holbrook et al., 2009

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Experiences in Physical Education: Exploring the Intersection of Visual Impairment and Maleness

Justin A. Haegele and T. Nicole Kirk

physical education, such as poorly trained teachers and paraeducators, a lack of support, and a lack of adapted equipment ( Perkins, Columna, Lieberman, & Bailey, 2013 ). Because of these factors, differences between youth with visual impairments and others tend to be emphasized during physical education

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Characteristics of Physical Activity Interventions for People With Visual Impairments: A Scoping Review

Soyoung Choi and JJ Pionke

Globally, about 124 million people are living with low vision that is, best-corrected visual acuity less than 6/18 to 3/60 in the better-seeing eye, and 202 million people are living with moderate visual impairment (VI; i.e., presenting visual acuity less than 6/18 to 6/60 in the better-seeing eye

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Paraeducator Support in Integrated Physical Education as Reflected by Adults With Visual Impairments

Justin A. Haegele, Takahiro Sato, Xihe Zhu, and T. Nicole Kirk

In recent years, several studies have explored the experiential perspectives of youth with visual impairments (i.e., those with low vision and complete blindness) toward their physical education experiences ( de Schipper, Lieberman, & Moody, 2017 ; Haegele, Sato, Zhu, & Avery, 2017 ; Haegele

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Understanding the Inclusiveness of Integrated Physical Education From the Perspectives of Adults With Visual Impairments

Justin A. Haegele, Samuel R. Hodge, Xihe Zhu, Steven K. Holland, and Wesley J. Wilson

disability group (i.e., individuals with visual impairments), focusing on their viewpoints toward inclusion and their experiences in integrated physical education. In recent years, inquiry examining the experiences of individuals with visual impairments in physical education has become more common ( Haegele

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Reactivity to Accelerometer Measurement of Children With Visual Impairments and Their Family Members

Xihe Zhu and Justin A. Haegele

used in adapted physical activity research examining physical activity among individuals with disabilities ( Cervantes & Porretta, 2010 ; Leung, Siebert, & Yun, 2017 ), including those with visual impairments ( Ayvazoglu, Oh, & Kozub, 2006 ; Brian et al., 2019 ; Cervantes & Porretta, 2013 ; Haegele