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Ebrahim Norouzi, Fatemeh Sadat Hosseini, Mohammad Vaezmosavi, Markus Gerber, Uwe Pühse, and Serge Brand

, 1994 ; Norouzi et al., 2018 ). With respect to darts, Vickers et al. ( 2000 ) have demonstrated a direct link between the ability to maintain visual fixation on a distant target and the degree of motor accuracy. Specifically, playing darts appears to involve different forms of visuomotor control

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Leonie Oostwoud Wijdenes, Eli Brenner, and Jeroen B.J. Smeets

This study set out to determine whether the fastest online hand movement corrections are only responses to changing judgments of the targets’ position or whether they are also influenced by the apparent target motion. Introducing a gap between when a target disappears and when it reappears at a new position in a double-step paradigm disrupts the apparent motion, so we examined the influence of such a gap on the intensity of the response. We found that responses to target perturbations with disrupted apparent motion were less vigorous. The response latency was 10 ms shorter when there was a gap, which might be related to the gap effect that has previously been described for initiating eye and hand movements.

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Melvyn Roerdink, Paulina J. M. Bank, C. (Lieke) E. Peper, and Peter J. Beek

Rhythmic limb movements are often anchored at particular points in the movement cycle. Anchoring may reveal essential task-specific information for motor control. We examined the effect of tracking mode (in-phase, antiphase) and gaze direction (left, right) on anchoring in visuomotor tracking with and without concurrent visual feedback of the hand movement. For in-phase tracking, anchoring was observed at the foveated reversal point whereas for antiphase tracking anchoring was observed at both reversals, suggesting the presence of two reference points instead of one. Anchoring at the foveated reversal reflected gaze anchoring (i.e., coalignment of hand and gaze) while anchoring at the nonfoveated reversal reflected visuomotor synchronization (i.e., the hand was steered to the nonfoveated reversal coincident with a target reversal at the point of gaze). We propose that the number and location of anchor points play a crucial role in the underlying control by providing reference values for error correction processes.

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Jennifer Campbell, Stephanie Rossit, and Matthew Heath

, Lavell, & Villis, 2010 ), have shown a loVF advantage in object detection and discrimination, tasks and cortical structures that are not linked to visuomotor control. Second, this study employed 3D targets presented in depth, whereas previous reaching studies employed 2D targets ( Binsted & Heath, 2005

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Christopher J. Palmer and Richard E.A. van Emmerik

firing latency during a dynamic marksmanship task in forward postures. The novel finding is that small additional loads on the head have severe consequences for temporal performance regardless of posture, suggesting that fine visuomotor control during precision aiming is compromised. Longer firing

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A. Mark Williams and Bradley Fawver

:10.1249/MSS.0b013e31828b2ce9 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31828b2ce9 Causer , J. , Holmes , P.S. , & Williams , A.M. ( 2011 ). Quiet eye training in a visuomotor control task . Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 43 ( 6 ), 1042 – 1049 . PubMed doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182035de6 10.1249/MSS.0b013e

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Oliver R. Runswick, Matthew Jewiss, Ben T. Sharpe, and Jamie S. North

-level performers . Emotion, 11 ( 3 ), 595 – 602 . PubMed ID: 21668110 https://doi.org/10.1037/a0023225 10.1037/a0023225 Causer , J. , Holmes , P.S. , & Williams , A.M. ( 2011 ). Quiet eye training in a visuomotor control task . Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 43 ( 6 ), 1042 – 1049 . 10

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Ing-Shiou Hwang, Chia-Ling Hu, Wei-Min Huang, Yi-Ying Tsai, and Yi-Ching Chen

). The young adults reduced their attentive control and tended to simplify their visuomotor control during force tracking due to the false impression of task success with ER feedback ( Hwang et al., 2017 ; Chen et al., 2017b ). Due to the selective loss of the functional specification of neurons in the

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Eesha J. Shah, Jia Yi Chow, and Marcus J.C. Lee

that these observations can be expected across diverse developmental stages in life, including youth. Why, then, might these results not be observed in youth, as reported in the present study? Visuomotor control is a widely distributed brain function ( Vickers, 2012 ) and neurological maturation

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Emmanuel Ducrocq, Mark Wilson, Tim J. Smith, and Nazanin Derakshan

, 11 , 595 – 602 . doi:10.1037/a0023225 10.1037/a0023225 Causer , J. , Holmes , P.S. , & Williams , A.M. ( 2011 ). Quiet eye training in a visuomotor control task . Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 43 , 1042 – 1049 . PubMed doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182035de6 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182035