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Javier Molina-García and Ana Queralt

environmental factor related to active transportation behavior. Most studies correlate neighborhood characteristics to physical activity in adults or adolescents, 5 – 7 and the built environment attributes usually analyzed are residential density, road intersection density, and land-use mix as walkability

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Gregory Knell, Henry S. Brown, Kelley P. Gabriel, Casey P. Durand, Kerem Shuval, Deborah Salvo, and Harold W. Kohl III

decrease health care expenditures but rather to provide a safe and defined space for one to engage in walking or jogging for transportation or leisure. In addition, there are economic, social, and environmental benefits to making neighborhoods more walkable. 48 In light of the results of this study and

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Ernest Boakye-Dankwa, Anthony Barnett, Nancy A. Pachana, Gavin Turrell, and Ester Cerin

accessibility were larger for destinations within a 5- to 10-min walk than for destinations that were within a 20-min walk from home, and older residents from the ultradense city accumulated 20 times more minutes of walking for transport than those living in the low-density city. This suggests that destinations

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Nathan H. Parker, Rebecca E. Lee, Daniel P. O’Connor, An Ngo-Huang, Maria Q.B. Petzel, Keri Schadler, Xuemei Wang, Lianchun Xiao, David Fogelman, Richard Simpson, Jason B. Fleming, Jeffrey E. Lee, Ching-Wei D. Tzeng, Sunil K. Sahai, Karen Basen-Engquist, and Matthew H.G. Katz

Furthermore, neighborhood walkability and availability of recreational spaces have been associated with increased physical activity in cancer survivors. 30 , 31 The purpose of this study was to characterize relationships between socioecological factors and physical activity among patients enrolled in a home

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Rosenda Murillo, Pooja Agrawal, Sheila Berenji-Jalaei, Elizabeth Vasquez, and Sandra Echeverria

the neighborhood environment contribute to aerobic physical activity. 4 Moreover, seeing people walk, as an indirect measure of neighborhood walkability, has been associated with aerobic physical activity. For example, previous research has shown that having neighbors that are physically active is

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Kathleen B. Watson, Susan A. Carlson, Tiffany Humbert-Rico, Dianna D. Carroll, and Janet E. Fulton


Less than one-third of U.S. adults walk for transportation. Public health strategies to increase transportation walking would benefit from knowing what adults think is a reasonable distance to walk. Our purpose was to determine 1) what adults think is a reasonable distance and amount of time to walk and 2) whether there were differences in minutes spent transportation walking by what adults think is reasonable.


Analyses used a cross-sectional nationwide adult sample (n = 3653) participating in the 2010 Summer ConsumerStyles mail survey.


Most adults (> 90%) think transportation walking is reasonable. However, less than half (43%) think walking a mile or more or for 20 minutes or more is reasonable. What adults think is reasonable is similar across most demographic subgroups, except for older adults (≥ 65 years) who think shorter distances and times are reasonable. Trend analysis that adjust for demographic characteristics indicates adults who think longer distances and times are reasonable walk more.


Walking for short distances is acceptable to most U.S. adults. Public health programs designed to encourage longer distance trips may wish to improve supports for transportation walking to make walking longer distances seem easier and more acceptable to most U.S. adults.

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Dimitrios-Sokratis Komaris, Cheral Govind, Andrew Murphy, Alistair Ewen, and Philip Riches

biomechanics of the sit-to-stand and sit-to-walk movement, in people with disabilities, has been previously reported. 18 – 21 The identification of movement strategies, or the study of their effects, has been achieved via questionnaires, video observation, and motion analysis. 22 – 26 Pushing through the

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Ester Cerin, Anthony Barnett, Man-chin Cheung, Cindy H.P. Sit, Duncan J. Macfarlane, and Wai-man Chan

This study examined reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire–Long Form (IPAQ-LC) in Chinese seniors, including moderating effects of neighborhood walkability and socioeconomic status (SES) on reliability and validity. The IPAQ-LC was interviewer-administered (n = 96), accelerometer and 7-day walk-diary data were collected (n = 94), and the IPAC-LC was readministered (N = 92). Acceptable reliability was found for all measures of physical activity (PA) overall and across different types of neighborhood. Participants from highly walkable neighborhoods were more reliable at estimating walking for transport. Participants from low-SES areas were less reliable at estimating leisure-time PA and sitting but more reliable at estimating transport-related walking. IPAQ-LC walking was significantly related to light- but not moderate-intensity accelerometry-based PA. It was moderately to strongly related to a 7-day diary of walking. The data imply slow-paced walking, probably due to age, climate, and terrain. The findings suggest that the IPAQ-LC’s reliability and validity are acceptable in Chinese seniors.

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Prabasaj Paul, Susan A. Carlson, and Janet E. Fulton


The association between walking and environmental attributes depends on walking purpose. This study, based on a large survey of U.S. adults, examined the association between perceived neighborhood safety and built environment attributes, and walking for transportation and leisure.


Data were obtained on transportation and leisure-time walking, perceived neighborhood safety and built environment attributes, and demographic characteristics from the summer wave of the 2012 ConsumerStyles survey of 3951 U.S. adults. Associations were examined by demographic characteristics.


Seventy-five percent of respondents reported walking for either transportation (54%) or leisure (56%) in the past week, 59% reported no safety concern, and 36% reported absence of any built environment attribute of walkability nearby. Respondents with more education, and those who lived in metropolitan areas were more likely to report built environment attributes supportive of walking. All built environment attributes examined, as well as safety concern due to speeding vehicles, were associated with walking after adjustment for demographic characteristics.


Walking, particularly for transportation, is associated with many built environment attributes among U.S. adults. These attributes may be important to consider when designing and modifying the built environment of communities, especially those which are less walkable.

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Jos J. de Koning

to do so and use the digital possibilities to stay in contact and show your interest. In that way, you’ll never walk alone. Reference 1. Kennedy JF . In the Chinese language, the word “crisis” is composed of two characters, one representing danger and the other, opportunity . Paper presented at