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Britton W. Brewer, Adisa Haznadar, Dylan Katz, Judy L. Van Raalte, and Albert J. Petitpas

effect ( McGowan, Pyne, Thompson, & Rattray, 2015 ). Physical warm-up activities can literally warm the muscles of athletes and prime the body systems involved in sport tasks that follow. Some physical warm-ups can also serve as a “microdose” of strength-and-conditioning exercise that can reduce the risk

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David Barranco-Gil, Lidia B. Alejo, Pedro L. Valenzuela, Jaime Gil-Cabrera, Almudena Montalvo-Pérez, Eduardo Talavera, Susana Moral-González, Vicente J. Clemente-Suárez, and Alejandro Lucia

Warming up is widely considered an effective performance-enhancing strategy, with several potential mechanisms being proposed, such as increases in muscle temperature, metabolic rate (through an accelerated oxygen supply to muscles), or nerve conduction rate, as well as psychological benefits. 1

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Lee Taylor, Christopher J. Stevens, Heidi R. Thornton, Nick Poulos, and Bryna C.R. Chrismas

, 4 – 7 large increases in T c during WRSS match play (eg,  T c  > 39°C) may limit physical performance. 1 A WRSS tournament day is typically characterized by 3 matches in close proximity (∼3 h between matches) and ∼20 to 30 minutes allocated for a team to warm-up prior to each match. 1 The warm-up

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Rebecca L. Jones, Trent Stellingwerff, Paul Swinton, Guilherme Giannini Artioli, Bryan Saunders, and Craig Sale

support for performance efficacy ( Maughan et al., 2018 ). Warming up prior to a specific exercise bout is a commonly employed practice and is considered essential by coaches and athletes to achieve optimal performance. The aim of a warm-up is to elicit various physiological effects, such as increased

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William H. Gurton, Steve H. Faulkner, and Ruth M. James

perturbation experienced during warm-up strategies preceding competition. Kilding et al 14 suggested that an intermittent cycling warm-up (20 min at 60%–65% maximal aerobic power; 5 × 20-s sprints) decreased HCO 3 − by ∼5 mmol·L −1 from baseline in the placebo trial with only a small increase (+3.7 mmol

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Francisco Tomás González-Fernández, Hugo Sarmento, Sixto González-Víllora, Juan Carlos Pastor-Vicedo, Luis Manuel Martínez-Aranda, and Filipe Manuel Clemente

on players during a match, this type of cognitive function could be considerably affected by various factors, especially when the specific task is time extended. Moreover, the warm-up, as an acute exercise performed before a match, could also be linked to punctual changes in arousal ( Davranche

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David Barranco-Gil, Jaime Gil-Cabrera, Pedro L. Valenzuela, Lidia B. Alejo, Almudena Montalvo-Pérez, Eduardo Talavera, Susana Moral-González, and Alejandro Lucia

standardized warm-up (see “Methods” section). Previous studies using the previously mentioned warm-up protocol have assessed the relationship between FTP and other markers of the steady to nonsteady state transition, such as the lactate 4 or individual anaerobic threshold, 5 or the MLSS, 6 showing at best

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Mathias T. Vangsoe, Jonas K. Nielsen, and Carl D. Paton

Cycling coaches and athletes are constantly searching for intervention strategies to improve race performance. It is widely acknowledged that an appropriately implemented warm-up strategy can substantially benefit cycling performance by increasing muscle temperature, speeding up oxygen uptake

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Wing-Chun V. Yeung, Chris Bishop, Anthony N. Turner, and Sean J. Maloney

A dynamic warm-up has been widely demonstrated to elicit acute improvements in speed/power performance. 1 However, the addition of specific “preconditioning” activities to a warm-up may further augment improvements in performance. Previously reported as the postactivation potentiation phenomenon

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Tristan Castonguay, Mary Roberts, and Geoff Dover

Baseball is a popular sport, and most athletes are using a warm-up method that may not be beneficial to their bat swing speed. According to Statista and the World Baseball Softball Confederation, there are 15 million baseball players in the United States and an estimation of 65 million worldwide