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Toward Harmonized Treadmill-Based Validation of Step-Counting Wearable Technologies: A Scoping Review

Christopher C. Moore, Aston K. McCullough, Elroy J. Aguiar, Scott W. Ducharme, and Catrine Tudor-Locke

. Consumer preference for this trackable and human-scaled measurement is reflected by the fact that most contemporary wearable technologies (ie, devices) offer a step-counting feature. 2 The 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Scientific Report also recently advocated for the benefits of

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New Considerations for Wearable Technology Data: Changes in Running Biomechanics During a Marathon

Christian A. Clermont, Lauren C. Benson, W. Brent Edwards, Blayne A. Hettinga, and Reed Ferber

patterns during prolonged running. 10 Therefore, the first purpose of this study was to quantify subject-specific alterations in running patterns, using wearable technology data, throughout a marathon race. The second purpose of this study was to determine if runners could be clustered into separate

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Toward Comprehensive Step-Based Physical Activity Guidelines: Are We Ready?

Catrine Tudor-Locke and Elroy J. Aguiar

in physical activity research, and step-based physical activity goals are increasingly popularized, for example, 10,000 steps/day ( Bassett, Toth, LaMunion, & Crouter, 2017 ). The growth and adoption of wearable technologies (including research-grade accelerometers, consumer-grade wearable devices

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Wearable Device Validity in Determining Step Count During Hiking and Trail Running

James W. Navalta, Jeffrey Montes, Nathaniel G. Bodell, Charli D. Aguilar, Ana Lujan, Gabriela Guzman, Brandi K. Kam, Jacob W. Manning, and Mark DeBeliso

, Sattar, & Lean, 2017 ). In order for individuals to truly attain their step goals, the ability to accurately determine step count becomes important. Wearable technology was rated as the top fitness trend the past two years ( Thompson, 2015 , 2016 ), and this tendency is expected to grow as the use of

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Global Positioning System Watches and Electronic Journals: Are Training-Load Measures Similar in High School Cross-Country Runners?

Micah C. Garcia and David M. Bazett-Jones

by a global positioning system [GPS] device) on average, running distance could be underestimated or overestimated by −28% to +40%. 15 Wearable technology allows for objective measurement of running duration and distance using GPS enabled devices (eg, watches, smartphones). GPS watches were on

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Wearable Technology for Athletes: Information Overload and Pseudoscience?

Shona L Halson, Jonathan M. Peake, and John P. Sullivan

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Wearable Training-Monitoring Technology: Applications, Challenges, and Opportunities

Marco Cardinale and Matthew C. Varley

The need to quantify aspects of training to improve training prescription has been the holy grail of sport scientists and coaches for many years. Recently, there has been an increase in scientific interest, possibly due to technological advancements and better equipment to quantify training activities. Over the last few years there has been an increase in the number of studies assessing training load in various athletic cohorts with a bias toward subjective reports and/or quantifications of external load. There is an evident lack of extensive longitudinal studies employing objective internal-load measurements, possibly due to the cost-effectiveness and invasiveness of measures necessary to quantify objective internal loads. Advances in technology might help in developing better wearable tools able to ease the difficulties and costs associated with conducting longitudinal observational studies in athletic cohorts and possibly provide better information on the biological implications of specific external-load patterns. Considering the recent technological developments for monitoring training load and the extensive use of various tools for research and applied work, the aim of this work was to review applications, challenges, and opportunities of various wearable technologies.

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Singing and Dancing With Neuromuscular Conditions: A Mixed-Methods Study

Danielle Peers, Lindsay Eales, Kelvin Jones, Aidan Toth, Hernish Acharya, and Janice Richman–Eisenstat

The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and meaningfulness of a 15-week recreational dance and singing program for people with neuromuscular conditions. Within a transformative mixed-methods design, pulmonary function tests, plethysmography through wearable technology (Hexoskin vests), individualized neuromuscular quality-of-life assessments (version 2.0), and semistructured interviews were used. The interviews were analyzed through inductive, semantic thematic analysis. Although the sample sizes were small (six people with neuromuscular conditions), the authors found no evidence of safety concerns. There was evidence of respiratory improvements and reported improvements in swallowing and speech. The most notable quality-of-life changes included improvements related to weakness, swallowing, relationships, and leisure. The participants shared that the program offered meaningful social connection and embodied skills and safe and pleasurable physical exertion. The authors learned that recreational singing and dancing programs could be a safe and deeply meaningful activity for those with neuromuscular conditions that impact respiration.

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Steps per Day Measured by Consumer Activity Trackers Worn at the Non-Dominant and Dominant Wrist Relative to a Waist-Worn Pedometer

Charlotte L. Edwardson, Melanie Davies, Kamlesh Khunti, Thomas Yates, and Alex V. Rowlands

Global sales of wearable technology are increasing substantially year on year, with 32 million units sold in 2014, 72 million in 2015, and over 100 million in 2016 (Statista Website [Internet], 2017a ). Health and fitness trackers make up more than one-third of this wearable technology market

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Investigating the Use of an Electronic Activity Monitor System as a Component of Physical Activity and Weight-Loss Interventions in Nonclinical Populations: A Systematic Review

Emma E. Sypes, Genevieve Newton, and Zakkoyya H. Lewis

and enhanced, and in doing so, these devices contribute to the billion-dollar market of wearable technologies. 5 Given the substantial evidence concluding that EAMSs are valid tools for measuring activity levels, 6 , 7 the next step is to determine how they may influence user’s PA levels and promote