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Stephen Shannon, Noel Brick, Garry Prentice, and Gavin Breslin

participation can bring, such as striving for success at the expense of personal well-being, resulting in burnout which can set the scene for more serious psychological consequences including depression and anxiety ( Reardon et al., 2019 ). Related to these contrasting axioms of sporting experience, Keyes

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Changwook Kim, Jinwon Kim, and Brijesh Thapa

Well-being, an important barometer of mental health, has been extensively examined over the past few decades. 1 , 2 The World Health Organization has conceptualized mental health as “a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stress of

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Amélie Apinis-Deshaies, Maxime Trempe, and Jonathan Tremblay

contact sport characterized by high-intensity bouts of skating demanding explosive accelerations and changes in speed and direction, as well as the execution of a variety of skilled technical movements. 11 While these demands result in an overall higher exercise intensity than other team sports, 11 ice

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Emily Budzynski-Seymour, Rebecca Conway, Matthew Wade, Alex Lucas, Michelle Jones, Steve Mann, and James Steele

Sufficient physical activity (PA) is well accepted as a means of improving health and preventing noncommunicable disease conditions. 1 , 2 In addition, PA has been argued to be a means to enhance various aspects of emotional health and produce psychological benefits. 3 A key element of health

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Steven H. Doeven, Michel S. Brink, Barbara C.H. Huijgen, Johan de Jong, and Koen A.P.M. Lemmink

self-reported well-being and recovery are sensitive to an acute increase in load and are impaired during periods of intensified competition. 15 , 16 Next to that, neuromuscular recovery as a complementary objective measure is used. 16 If there is inadequate recovery while the load remains high, it is

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Steven H. Doeven, Michel S. Brink, Barbara C.H. Huijgen, Johan de Jong, and Koen A.P.M. Lemmink

and psychological load in rugby sevens. As a consequence of insufficient recovery time and residual fatigue during and after women’s rugby sevens tournaments, decreased well-being and neuromuscular function are expected in line with the literature. 7 , 8 Subsequently, this might lead to decreased

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Eva Guérin


Given trends toward studying positive mental health in the behavioral sciences, the concepts of vitality, well-being, and quality of life (QoL) have received significant attention. Unfortunately, interpreting their empirical findings and applications is difficult given a tendency to use these terms synonymously and/or without clear apriori definitions.


This review presents an in-depth, critical examination of vitality, well-being, and QoL (especially health-related QoL) while paying particular attention to their similarities and differences. Given the proliferation of studies in the area of physical activity psychology, this review draws from a collection of knowledge in the physical activity domain to provide readers with concrete examples and to support arguments that are raised.


The narrative content is divided into 3 sections with critical appraisals of each: definitions and meaning, theoretical views, and research, the latter of which is further subdivided into measurement and findings. Several parallels and discrepancies between the constructs are brought forward.


Important arguments, among others, include the precision or specificity of the definition of vitality compared with well-being and QoL, and the emergence of a spectrum along which these constructs can be aligned with regards to the breadth of internal and external experiences they capture.

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Elizabeth M. Mullin, Anna Bottino, Danielle D. Wadsworth, Steven J. Petruzzello, and Tiffanye M. Vargas

health and well-being ( Hyun et al., 2006 ). Graduate students are more than six times as likely to experience depression and anxiety compared to the general population ( Evans et al., 2018 ) and report increased incidences of exhaustion and feeling overwhelmed ( Hunter & Devine, 2016 ; Hyun et

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Sarah P. Shultz, Julius Moss, Lisa L. Hicks, and Robert B. Brubeck

learning experiences, well-being and persistence, and better learning outcomes; it is the single most significant predictor of successful graduation and completion for undergraduate students ( Tinto, 2000 ). Both theoretical and applied models of student engagement frequently place identity and sense of

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James E. Kaishian and Regina M. Kaishian

A great deal of high-quality research has been conducted within the last decade on a broad range of mental health conditions (MHCs), including alcohol and substance use disorders, as well as gambling disorders, within the young adult and late adolescent population within the United States. These