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Steven H. Doeven, Michel S. Brink, Barbara C.H. Huijgen, Johan de Jong and Koen A.P.M. Lemmink

and psychological load in rugby sevens. As a consequence of insufficient recovery time and residual fatigue during and after women’s rugby sevens tournaments, decreased well-being and neuromuscular function are expected in line with the literature. 7 , 8 Subsequently, this might lead to decreased

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Eva Guérin


Given trends toward studying positive mental health in the behavioral sciences, the concepts of vitality, well-being, and quality of life (QoL) have received significant attention. Unfortunately, interpreting their empirical findings and applications is difficult given a tendency to use these terms synonymously and/or without clear apriori definitions.


This review presents an in-depth, critical examination of vitality, well-being, and QoL (especially health-related QoL) while paying particular attention to their similarities and differences. Given the proliferation of studies in the area of physical activity psychology, this review draws from a collection of knowledge in the physical activity domain to provide readers with concrete examples and to support arguments that are raised.


The narrative content is divided into 3 sections with critical appraisals of each: definitions and meaning, theoretical views, and research, the latter of which is further subdivided into measurement and findings. Several parallels and discrepancies between the constructs are brought forward.


Important arguments, among others, include the precision or specificity of the definition of vitality compared with well-being and QoL, and the emergence of a spectrum along which these constructs can be aligned with regards to the breadth of internal and external experiences they capture.

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Tim Op De Beéck, Arne Jaspers, Michel S. Brink, Wouter G.P. Frencken, Filip Staes, Jesse J. Davis and Werner F. Helsen

Furthermore, these loads elicit responses, such as fitness, fatigue, and a certain need for recovery. 2 , 3 These athletes’ responses are often measured by perceived wellness questionnaires. 2 , 3 In professional soccer, several studies have provided evidence for using perceived wellness questionnaires to

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John B. Nezlek, Marzena Cypryańska, Piotr Cypryański, Karolina Chlebosz, Karolina Jenczylik, Joanna Sztachańska and Anna M. Zalewska

whenever and wherever they can walk, running does not require a team, individuals can run at their own pace for as long as they choose, and so forth. Given this popularity, it is important to understand the effects that running may have on people’s psychological well-being, and this study was designed to

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Mohamed Saifeddin Fessi and Wassim Moalla

changes in load and strain have a large effect on physiological and psychological variables in addition to wellness. 9 – 13 Therefore, sports scientists have recommended the use of shortened psychometric questionnaires for monitoring players’ status and wellness. 5 , 6 , 11 , 13 In this context, the

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Brad Donohue, Yulia Gavrilova, Marina Galante, Elena Gavrilova, Travis Loughran, Jesse Scott, Graig Chow, Christopher P. Plant and Daniel N. Allen

, Nicol, & Bredin, 2006 ). Specific to mental wellness, some investigations have indicated that athletes are at lower risk to evidence psychiatric symptoms as compared with their non-athlete peers ( Armstrong, Burcin, Bjerke, & Early, 2015 ; Donohue, Covassin, et al., 2004 ). However, most studies

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Aysha M. Thomas, Kayleigh M. Beaudry, Kimbereley L. Gammage, Panagiota Klentrou and Andrea R. Josse

There is a large body of evidence supporting the essential role of regular physical activity (PA) and exercise for the maintenance of good health and well-being. 1 Although most university students are aware of the benefits of PA and structured exercise, previous literature demonstrates that the

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Janna LaFountaine

A study of wellness aspects among college student athletes at a mid-sized, church-related, undergraduate, liberal arts college in the upper Midwest was conducted during the 2006-2007 school year. The students were asked by their coaches and team leaders to complete the Wellness Evaluation of Lifestyle tool online. The study sample consisted of 273 college athletes, of which 131 were female and 142 were male. Female college athletes had the highest scores in the following areas: exercise, friendship, and love. The lowest areas were: spirituality, stress Management, nutrition and total wellness. The female athletes scored lower in 14 out of the 20 wellness behavior categories than the male athletes. In the areas of sense of worth, leisure and stress management, female athletes scored significantly lower than the male athletes. Male athletes scored the highest in the areas of exercise, sense of worth and friendship. Male athletes recorded their lowest scores in spirituality, nutrition, work and total wellness. The implications of this study for athletic programs indicate a need to address the specific needs of female athletes compared to male athletes, particularly tactics for dealing with stress, building self-esteem and the use of leisure activities.

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Shaunna M. Burke, Jennifer Brunet, Amanda Wurz, Christina Butler and Andrea Utley

, Barnett, & Werk, 2014 ). Lack of PA, combined with negative side effects, can predispose childhood cancer survivors to a lifetime of health problems that span physical, psychological, and social domains of well-being ( Hudson et al., 2013 ; Ness & Gurney, 2007 ; Rueegg et al., 2013 ). Well-being is a

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Kylie McNeill, Natalie Durand-Bush and Pierre-Nicolas Lemyre

, Lemyre, & Kenttä, 2014 ; Lundkvist, Gustafsson, Hjälm, & Hassmén, 2012 ; McNeill et al., 2017 ). The significance of this syndrome lies in the negative ramifications it has for coaches’ well-being and performance, as well as for athletes’ sport experiences (e.g.,  Bentzen et al., 2014 ; McNeill et