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Alan C. Lacy and Donna L. Martin

The purpose of this study was to examine starter/nonstarter motor-skill engagement (MSE) and coaching behaviors in different segments of preseason practices in collegiate women’s volleyball. The subjects were players and coaches of eight volleyball teams. Segments of the practice were defined and coded as a warm-up, skill work, scrimmage, or conditioning. Duration recording procedures were used to collect MSE data of starters and nonstarters. Coaching behaviors were coded with interval recording procedures (5-second observe, 1-second code) using an expanded version of the Arizona State University Observation Instrument (ASUOI). A two-way repeated-measures ANOVA showed no significant differences in MSE between starters and nonstarters across the segments of the practice sessions. Results of this study offer a starting point for future research on player behaviors in the athletic environment and add to the data base of completed research on coaching behaviors.

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Tsz Lun (Alan) Chu and Trent A. Petrie

then illustrated the framework through our program delivery to an NCAA Division I women’s volleyball team. In doing so, we reflected on our challenges and successes by taking athlete feedback into account and offered suggestions for how SPPs may implement similar programs in college sports or other

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Trey Burdette, Barry Joyner, and Dan Czech

The Multidimensional Model for Sport Leadership (MML) (Chelladurai, 1980) posits that an athlete’s performance and satisfaction are functions of the congruency between the preferred leadership of student-athletes, the required behavior of the coach as dictated by the situation, and the actual behavior of the coach. As such, research in sport should examine how appropriate the model is to today’s athletic culture. Gender, one member characteristic, has been researched considerably, with conflicting results, while race and the amount of playing time have been largely ignored with preferential leadership. The purpose of this study was to classify student-athletes’ race, gender, and playing time by their preferred coaching behaviors. NCAA Division-I student-athletes (n = 140) in baseball, men’s and women’s basketball, men’s and women’s soccer, softball, and men’s and women’s volleyball were surveyed using the Revised Leadership Scale for Sport (RLSS). Using discriminant analysis, the authors attempted to predict the student-athlete gender, race, and playing time by their preferred coaching behavior scores. None of the models were significant, indicating a lack of variance between the classification groups. Future research on the importance of preferred coaching predictors is discussed.

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Gregory A. Dale and Craig A. Wrisberg

Both experimental and anecdotal data suggest that athletes of various ages, abilities, ethnic backgrounds, and gender desire open two-way communication with their coaches (Chelladurai, 1980; Danielson, Zelhart, & Drake 1975; Hendry, 1969; Masimo, 1980). In this paper we describe how performance profiling procedures (Butler, 1989) may be used with teams to create a more open atmosphere for coach/athlete communication and to facilitate team goal setting. Specifically, a case study with a Division I women’s volleyball team is presented to illustrate the effectiveness of this procedure in profiling individual athletes, the team, and the coach. Profiles were conducted 1 week into the practice season, at the midpoint of the competitive season, and at the end of the competitive season. Significant improvements were made on one or more characteristics by each athlete, the team, and the coach. As a result of participating in this process, both the athletes and the coach agreed that there was a more open atmosphere for communication. And, the athletes expressed sincere appreciation for the increased input they had in determining the nature of their training program and their goals for competition.

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Sarah J. Woodruff and Renee D. Meloche

Female athletes should aim to achieve energy balance to maintain health and have a high performance output. The purpose of this study was to investigate energy availability (EA) among members of a medium-size Canadian Interuniversity Sport women’s volleyball team and to describe exercise energy expenditure (ExEE) during practices, game warm-ups, and games. Total daily energy expenditure was assessed over 7 d using the Bodymedia Sensewear Mini armband, while energy intake (EI) was measured with dietary food logs. Body composition was assessed using air-displacement plethysmography (Bod Pod). Energy availability was calculated using the equation EA = (EIkcal – ExEEkcal)/kg fat-free mass (FFM). Participants consumed 3,435 (± 1,172) kcal/day and expended 3479 (± 604) kcal/day. Mean EA was 42.5 kcal · kg FFM-1 · d-1 across all 7 d, and 2 participants fell below the 30-kcal · kg FFM-1 · d-1 threshold. Furthermore, participants expended 511 (± 216), 402 (± 50), and 848 (± 155) kcal during practices, game warm-ups, and games, respectively. Overall, the participants were relatively weight stable and should be encouraged to continue fueling their exercise and high ExEE needs with appropriate nutritional strategies.

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Ryan Morrison, Kyle M. Petit, Chris Kuenze, Ryan N. Moran, and Tracey Covassin

or who had currently suffered a concussion or lower-extremity injury. Table 1 Participants’ General Characteristics (N = 47) Demographic n (%) Sex  Male 33 (70.2)  Female 14 (29.8) Sport  Football 28 (59.6)  Women’s soccer 8 (17.0)  Men’s soccer 5 (10.6)  Women’s volleyball 3 (6.4)  Field hockey 3 (6

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Tom Fabian

famous gold medal-winning performance of the Japanese women’s national team at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics. In the United States, in 1975, the first national training center for volleyball “was dedicated to women’s volleyball—a rare case of a sport being led, in development and elite participation, by women

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Alexandru Nicolae Ungureanu, Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Gennaro Boccia, Alberto Rainoldi, and Corrado Lupo

.06.016 23816982 10.1016/j.physbeh.2013.06.016 21. EcheverrÍa CJ , Ortega E , Palao JM . Evolution of reception efficacy and execution in women’s volleyball according to level of competition – a descriptive study aged from 14-year-old to adult professional players . Cent Eur J Sport Sci Med . 2019 ; 27

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Gabrielle Stubblefield, Jeffrey Tilly, and Kathy Liu

athletes participated in men’s and women’s basketball, men’s and women’s soccer, and women’s volleyball. During preseason, we assessed participants’ anterior displacement of right and left ankles and inversion-eversion rotation using an instrumented arthrometer. Data were not collected from those who

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Marcin Krawczyk, Mariusz Pociecha, Paulina Kozioł, Aleksandra Stepek, and Gabriela Gębica

; Martínez-Lagunas et al., 2014 ) concludes that, with regard to somatic qualities enabling peak sports performance in women’s volleyball and football, it is BH, a high percentage of LBM, and a low percentage of fat tissue in the body that are the most important. Comparing female football and female