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R. Dale Sheptak Jr. and Brian E. Menaker

the media and sport management literature. However, recent decisions driven in response to the COVID-19 outbreak to suspend play in major leagues has thrust the plight of sport event and venue workers, albeit briefly, to the forefront of media coverage. Prime-time news segments exposed the precarious

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Ilca M.S. Diniz, Maria de Fátima S. Duarte, Karen G. Peres, Elusa S.A. de Oliveira, and Angélia Berndt


The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an educational intervention on active commuting by bicycle.


An intervention study with workers from a metallurgical industry in Santa Catarina state, Brazil was carried out in 2011. A total of 464 individuals were placed in the intervention group (IG) and 468 in the control group (CG). The intervention consisted of strategies based on the transtheoretical model and stages of behavior change. The intervention group took part in activities for 6 months, including 23 meetings. The statistical analysis included intergroup comparison (IG × CG) at baseline and after the intervention. Intragroup analysis was performed 6 months after the intervention. Student’s t-test, chi-square, and McNemar tests were used to analyze the data.


Of the original total, 876 individuals (94%) participated in the study. The proportion of participants that used bicycles to commute to work (IG) increased significantly from baseline (45.3%) to the final interventional period (47.5%). No difference was found between the CG and the IG group after the interventional period.


We suggest taking these findings into consideration in further studies to understand better the role of educational intervention on active commuting by bicycle.

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Nicholas D. Gilson, Caitlin Hall, Andreas Holtermann, Allard J. van der Beek, Maaike A. Huysmans, Svend Erik Mathiassen, and Leon Straker

contributors to both the volume and pattern of occupational sedentary behavior and PA. From a health and safety perspective, patterns of occupational sitting and moving should ideally offer sufficient variation, while not restricting worker productivity. 4 Yet, for many office (or “white collar”) workers

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Kelly Doran and Barbara Resnick

the project. All employees of the LTC facility were eligible to participate in the parent study if they were ≥18 years of age, worked day and/or evening shift, were able to read and write English, and were employees of the facility. Workers were ineligible if they self-reported pregnancy or were

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Julie K. Black, Anna C. Whittaker, and George M. Balanos

OSA. Recently, Webber et al. ( 2011 ) illustrated the incidence of undiagnosed OSA in a group of male rescue workers (firefighters and emergency medical staff; n  = 13,330) with a mean age of 44.2 years and found that only 13.9% who were deemed at risk for OSA were actually diagnosed. Owing to an

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Melissa A. Jones, Sara J. Diesel, Bethany Barone Gibbs, and Kara M. Whitaker

populations: a cohort study of pregnant women and baseline data from a clinical trial of desk workers. Accurate measurement of MVPA and SED in these populations is pertinent due to their unique barriers to MVPA ( Evenson et al., 2009 ; Planchard et al., 2018 ) and propensity for high SED ( Barone Gibbs, 2020

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Tim Henwood, Sharon Hetherington, Madeleine Purss, Kevin Rouse, Julie Morrow, and Michele Smith

supplied by a home care worker (HCW) holding either a Certificate III or IV in Individual Support (Aged Care) ( Australian Government, 2015 ). Traditionally, these services do not incorporate rehabilitation-focused activities. However, recent evidence demonstrates that allied health professional (AHP) in

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Holly Thorpe and Megan Chawansky

transnational sport workers in challenging global contexts. In this article, we seek to address the voids identified by Sherry et al. ( 2015 ) as we identify key management issues as experienced by international female staff working for Skateistan, the SfD project operating in Afghanistan, Cambodia, and South

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Kyungro Chang and Packianathan Chelladurai

This study investigated the differences in job attitudes between part-time (n = 96) and full-time (n = 82) workers in Korean sports organizations. They responded to a questionnaire including Meyer and Allen's (1984) scales for affective (AC) and continuance commitment (CC), and Smith, Organ, and Neat’s (1983) organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analyses of the data supported the subscale structures and the equivalence of measurement in the two groups. The full-time workers scored significantly higher on AC and OCB while the part-time workers scored higher on CC. While the relationship between AC and OCB was positive and significant in both groups, it was stronger in the full-time group than in the part-time group. The relationship between CC and OCB was significant and negative only in the case of the full-time group. The implication is that part-time work is not as conducive as fall-time work for developing affective commitment or organizational citizenship behavior.

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Camille Gagné and Isabelle Harnois


Data available indicate that numerous childcare workers are not strongly motivated to engage children aged 3–5 in physical activity. Using the theory of planned behavior as the main theoretical framework, this study has 2 objectives: to identify the determinants of the intention of childcare workers to engage preschoolers in physical activity and to identify the variables that could be used to develop an intervention to motivate childcare workers to support preschoolers’ physical activity.


174 childcare workers from 60 childcare centers selected at random in 2 regions of Quebec completed a self-administered questionnaire assessing the constructs of the theory of planned behavior as well as past behavior, descriptive norm and moral norm.


Moral norm, perceived behavioral control and subjective norm explained 85% of the variance in intention to engage the children in physical activity.


To motivate childcare workers, it is necessary that they perceive that directors, children’s parents and coworkers approve of their involvement in children’s physical activity. In addition, their ability to overcome perceived barriers (lack of time, loaded schedule, inclement weather) should be developed. Access to a large outdoor yard might also help motivate childcare workers.