The objective was to evaluate the effects of a multicomponent dyadic intervention on the cognitive functioning of people with dementia living at home in a randomized controlled trial. People with dementia and their family caregivers (n = 111) were randomly assigned to 8 home-based sessions including physical exercise and support or a minimal intervention consisting of monthly written information bulletins and monthly phone calls. Memory, executive functioning (EF), and attention were assessed at baseline, and after 3 (postmeasurement) and 6 months (follow-up). Data were analyzed by using generalized estimating equations (GEE). A small, significant effect was found on attention. No effects were found on memory and EF. Finding only a small significant effect might be explained by the ineffectiveness of the intervention, but also by moderate treatment adherence or a lack of room for improvement because half of the people with dementia were already receiving care in a day care facility.
Anna-Eva Prick, Jacomine de Lange, Erik Scherder, Jos Twisk and Anne Margriet Pot
Derek T. Smith, Tannah Broman, Marcus Rucker, Cecile Sende and Sarah Banner
to workforce demands, research or data advances in the profession, and graduate school expectations. It is vitally important, however, for faculty to involve advisors in curriculum discussions so that faculty can be informed of the ramifications. What may seem like a small curricular change to
Justine B. Allen and Colleen Reid
coaching workforce in Scotland, data related to coaching was extracted from the 2012 Scottish Hockey Membership survey. Members ( N = 1,617) completed the survey which gathered demographic information and current and previous involvement in the sport (e.g., player, coach, umpire). Just less than a quarter
Alexander David Blackett, Adam B. Evans and David Piggott
, 2017 ). This subconscious embodiment of coaching dogma has been argued to create a homogenous coaching workforce on account that it restricts the advancement of coaching knowledge and skills ( Blackett et al., 2018 ; Mills & Denison, 2018 ). Indeed, when analysing the practices and development
Allyson C. Hartzell and Marlene A. Dixon
( Desvaux et al., 2007 ). In intercollegiate athletic departments specifically, having a proactive diversity strategy has been shown to enhance organizational outcomes beyond just having a diverse workforce ( Cunningham, 2011 ), thus justifying the adoption of inclusive policies and practices. It has also
Chan Woong Park and Matthew D. Curtner-Smith
’s degree (PETE), master’s degree (kinesiology), and state APE credential Orientation on entering workforce Progressive teaching Progressive teaching Progressive teaching Moderate coaching Progressive teaching Moderate coaching Moderate coaching Progressive teaching Progressive teaching School culture
Stephen Frawley, Daniel Favaloro and Nico Schulenkorf
as a way of developing their workforce rather than more formal means of leadership training. Four main themes emerged from the study via the adoption of McCall’s ( 2010 ) experience-based leadership development framework. These included the importance of experience-based opportunities for leadership
Fiona Chambers and Robin Gregg
This paper highlights the status of coaching and coach education policy and practice on the island of Ireland. The island of Ireland represents a unique setting as it comprises a hybrid jurisdiction of (a) the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland and (b) the Republic of Ireland. A historical and sociopolitical backdrop provides insight into how key agencies develop coaching and coach education policy and practice in a highly complex dual environment. A five-step meta-synthesis process of data collection and analysis revealed key policy and practice issues on the island relating to (a) the coaching workforce and (b) coach education system.
Bhibha M. Das, Melanie Sartore-Baldwin and Matthew T. Mahar
A significant literature links race and socioeconomic status with physical inactivity and negative health outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore physical activity (PA) perceptions of an underserved, lower socioeconomic minority sector of the workforce.
Two focus groups were conducted to examine university housekeepers’ perceptions of physical activity. Demographic and anthropometric data were also obtained.
Participants (N = 12; 100% female, 100% African-American) overwhelmingly associated PA with traditional exercise (eg, going to a gym). The most important barrier to PA was the perception of being active on the job, thus not needing to do leisure time PA. The most important perceived benefit to PA was improvement of physical and mental health. Employees perceived that a university investment in employees’ health might improve morale, especially within low-pay employee sectors where low levels of job satisfaction may be present.
Although perceived benefits to PA in this population are consistent with other employee sectors, perceived barriers to PA may be unique to this sector of the workforce. PA promotion programs should focus on providing resources as well as guidelines that demonstrate the need for PA outside of the workplace setting. Such programs may improve employee health, morale, and productivity.
John P. McGuire and Ray Murray
Print sport journalists are facing new demands in their jobs, including the need to work in front of the camera. This case study examined attitudes among sport reporters working with video at Oklahoma’s 2 largest daily newspapers. Qualitative in-depth interviews (N = 18) were used for data collection. The researchers identified 4 major themes: attitude, skills, training, and critiques. These sport journalists sought to maintain their print identities foremost despite recognizing the needs and expectations to adapt to a multimedia workforce. The researchers also concluded that the evolution toward multimedia journalism in these organizations remains a gradual process and that additional training and frequent professional critiques were needed as part of this evolution.