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Danielle Rousseau, Kimberleigh Weiss-Lewit, and Mark Lilly

Yoga is a complex body of practice, lineage, and community and while the yoga community is one of connection, growth, and mutual support in the broadest sense, it has not been immune to the pervasive sexual violence that is coming to light across our society. In addressing the position of yoga

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Megan Colletto and Nancy Rodriguez

; Paddon-Jones & Rasmussen, 2009 ). Physical activity, strength training in particular, improves whole body protein balance (WBPB) in older individuals ( Timmerman et al., 2012 ; Walker et al., 2011 ). Of significance to this investigation is the potential of yoga as an alternative exercise option for the

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Bethany Forseth and Stacy D. Hunter

Traditional yoga practices originated in India a few thousand years ago 1 and involve engagement in 8 limbs, or focuses, of the practice that include yama (restraint), niyama (observance), asana (physical poses), pranayama (breathing techniques), pratyahara (preparation for meditation), dharana

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Hamid Reza Bokaeian, Fateme Esfandiarpour, Shahla Zahednejad, Hossein Kouhzad Mohammadi, and Farzam Farahmand

. Studies consistently showed that MT gait reduces the external KAM in patients with knee OA ( Fregly et al., 2007 ; Gerbrands et al., 2017 ; Walter et al., 2010 ). Moreover, it has been shown that some yoga exercises, for example, the warrior and the goddess exercises, are associated with a reduction in

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Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Richard F. MacLehose, Allison W. Watts, Marla E. Eisenberg, Melissa N. Laska, and Nicole Larson

rates of engagement in, and responsiveness to, standard weight management, 4 , 16 and there are few effective weight gain prevention strategies currently available for young adults. 4 Yoga is a practice that involves physical movement, strengthening and stretching activities, focused breathing

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Soubhagyalaxmi Mohanty, Balaram Pradhan, and Alex Hankey

Yoga is an ancient Indian knowledge using holistic mind–body practices to maintain health ( Salmon, Lush, Jablonski, & Sephton, 2009 ). The United Nations General Assembly declared June 21 as the International Day of Yoga (IDY) in 2015, and since that time, awareness of yoga’s practice has spread

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J. Luke Pryor, Brittany Christensen, Catherine G. R. Jackson, and Stephanie Moore-Reed

pain and discomfort while meeting metabolic demands consistent with physical activity recommendations may be part of the solution for physical activity engagement, and long-term adherence and compliance in sedentary, obese individuals. Yoga is an increasingly popular form of physical activity, which

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Sylvia E. Badon, Alyson J. Littman, K.C. Gary Chan, Michelle A. Williams, and Daniel A. Enquobahrie

activity among pregnant women, with 41% of pregnant women in the United States reporting walking during pregnancy. 2 Walking during pregnancy is associated with decreased risk for gestational diabetes mellitus, 10 preeclampsia, 11 and inadequate/excessive gestational weight gain. 12 , 13 Yoga has been

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Ryan Eckert, Jennifer Huberty, Heidi Kosiorek, Shannon Clark-Sienkiewicz, Linda Larkey, and Ruben Mesa

awareness, among others ( McAlpine et al., 2015 ). However, physical activity–based interventions, particularly yoga, have shown to be feasible and efficacious for improving various cancer-related symptoms and quality of life in recent decades ( Buffart et al., 2012 ; Culos-Reed et al., 2012 ). However

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Sally A. Sherman, Renee J. Rogers, Kelliann K. Davis, Ryan L. Minster, Seth A. Creasy, Nicole C. Mullarkey, Matthew O’Dell, Patrick Donahue, and John M. Jakicic


Whether the energy cost of vinyasa yoga meets the criteria for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity has not been established.


To compare energy expenditure during acute bouts of vinyasa yoga and 2 walking protocols.


Participants (20 males, 18 females) performed 60-minute sessions of vinyasa yoga (YOGA), treadmill walking at a self-selected brisk pace (SELF), and treadmill walking at a pace that matched the heart rate of the YOGA session (HR-Match). Energy expenditure was assessed via indirect calorimetry.


Energy expenditure was significantly lower in YOGA compared with HR-Match (difference = 79.5 ± 44.3 kcal; P < .001) and SELF (difference = 51.7 ± 62.6 kcal; P < .001), but not in SELF compared with HR-Match (difference = 27.8 ± 72.6 kcal; P = .054). A similar pattern was observed for metabolic equivalents (HR-Match = 4.7 ± 0.8, SELF = 4.4 ± 0.7, YOGA = 3.6 ± 0.6; P < .001). Analyses using only the initial 45 minutes from each of the sessions, which excluded the restorative component of YOGA, showed energy expenditure was significantly lower in YOGA compared with HR-Match (difference = 68.0 ± 40.1 kcal; P < .001) but not compared with SELF (difference = 15.1 ± 48.7 kcal; P = .189).


YOGA meets the criteria for moderate-intensity physical activity. Thus, YOGA may be a viable form of physical activity to achieve public health guidelines and to elicit health benefits.