Health experts recommend merging a healthy diet and adequate physical activity into one behavior. This study compared attitudes about foods, recent dietary changes, and food choices of 319 18- to 24-year-olds, who defined themselves as exercisers or nonexercisers. Subjects were recruited by telephone and were mailed questionnaires that asked about factors influencing food selection and changes in intake of high-fat foods. Exercisers considered it more important to eat nutritious foods; ate more nutrient-dense, low-fat foods; and more frequently met the Food Guide Pyramid recommended grain and fruit intakes than nonexercisers. Female exercisers more often perceived foods high in calcium to be fattening and not healthful, and they reported decreasing their intake of high-fat foods more than did female nonexercisers. Some merging of healthy diet and exercise behavior is evident among the young adult exercisers in this study. Nutrition and exercise messages targeted to young women should emphasize low-calorie calcium sources.
Constance Georgiou, Nancy Betts, Terri Hoos, and Marty Glenn
Elaine M. Ori, Tanya R. Berry, and Lira Yun
Due to their potentially lifelong familiarity with digital media, many young adults aged ∼18–30 years are highly experienced with the internet as a source of information and spend more time using the internet than any other age group ( Percheski & Hargittai, 2011 ; SEMRush, 2019 ; Vaterlaus
Dalia Mickeviciene, Renata Rutkauskaite, Dovile Valanciene, Diana Karanauskiene, Marius Brazaitis, and Albertas Skurvydas
al., 2011 ; Wolpert & Flanagan, 2016 ), it remains to be determined whether the time course of fast learning differs between children, young adults, and the older adults. It is well known that compared with young adults, children have lower and more variable motor and cognitive performance capacities
Teri A. Todd, Keely Ahrold, Danielle N. Jarvis, and Melissa A. Mache
evidence describing motor skill impairments among children with ASD ( Berkeley et al., 2001 ; Green et al., 2002 ; Ketcheson, Hauck, & Ulrich, 2018 ; Staples & Reid, 2010 ), little is known about the performance of individual motor skills among young adults with ASD. Investigating the performance of
Lisa Kakinami, Erin K. O’Loughlin, Erika N. Dugas, Catherine M. Sabiston, Gilles Paradis, and Jennifer O’Loughlin
Compared with traditional nonactive video games, exergaming contributes significantly to overall daily physical activity (PA) in experimental studies, but the association in observational studies is not clear.
Data were available in the 2011 to 2012 wave of the Nicotine Dependence in Teens (NDIT) study (N = 829). Multivariable sex-stratified models assessed the association between exergaming (1–3 times per month in the past year) and minutes of moderate and vigorous physical activity in the previous week, and the association between exergaming and meeting PA recommendations.
Compared with male exergamers, female exergamers were more likely to believe exergames were a good way to integrate PA into their lives (89% vs 62%, P = .0001). After we adjusted for covariates, male exergamers were not significantly different from male nonexergamers in minutes of PA. Female exergamers reported 47 more minutes of moderate PA in the previous week compared with female nonexergamers (P = .03). There was no association between exergaming and meeting PA recommendations.
Exergaming contributes to moderate minutes of PA among women but not among men. Differences in attitudes toward exergaming should be further explored.
Jingjing Xue, Shuo Li, Rou Wen, and Ping Hong
research was to test the validity of the published prediction equations for estimating the energy expenditure during level overground walking in young adults; the secondary purpose of this research was to find whether there is a difference in the energy metabolism between males and females during level
Abdulaziz Almudhi and Hamayun Zafar
). A recent study carried out by our group ( Almudhi, Zafar, Anwer, & Alghadir, 2019 ) showed that certain body postures wherein the mechanical load on the neck and shoulder muscles is reduced can reduce the level and severity of stuttering in young adults who stutter. A total of 24 young PWS
Anat V. Lubetzky, Daphna Harel, Helene Darmanin, and Ken Perlin
al., 2000 ). “Sensory reweighting” was demonstrated by a decreased entrainment to a visual stimulus ( Hwang et al., 2014 ) when healthy young adults were presented with an increased amplitude of that stimulus. Peterka ( 2002 ) found that, unlike healthy adults, patients with bilateral vestibular loss did
Phillip D. Tomporowski and Daniel M. Pendleton
activity on motor learning may depend on the temporal relation between the exercise bout and task training. Roig et al. ( 2012 ) observed that young adults who performed an intense 20-min cycling bout either prior to or following acquisition of a tracking task demonstrated better retention performance than
James Hackney, Jade McFarland, David Smith, and Clinton Wallis
extremity reaching task in 250 repetitions. Emken and Reinkensmeyer ( 2005 ) found that for walking under novel inertial conditions, healthy, young adults could recover their previous walking kinematic leg patterns in 7.3 ± 2.1 steps. However, we were able to find little published research describing how