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Lea-Cathrin Dohme, David Piggott, Susan Backhouse, and Gareth Morgan

athletes (e.g.,  MacNamara, Button, & Collins, 2010a ). Despite similarities between the PSCs facilitative of youth athletes’ development and elite athletic performance to be expected, it is important to distinguish the psychological needs of adult and youth athlete populations. Particularly, experts have

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Brandonn S. Harris and Jack C. Watson II

Recent research has used self-determination theory to examine athlete burnout among adults. However, there is a dearth of theory-driven research investigating burnout among young athletes, particularly as it pertains to its sociological influences. With research suggesting that motives for sport (dis)continuation vary among athletes of different ages, this study assessed the utility of self-determination theory (SDT) and Coakley’s model for youth burnout while examining developmental differences. Participants included swimmers of ages 7–17. Analyses revealed a model that approached adequate ft indices and accounted for 70% of the burnout variance. Results supported utilizing these theories to understand youth burnout while accounting for developmental differences.

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Haresh T. Suppiah, Richard Swinbourne, Jericho Wee, Vanes Tay, and Paul Gastin

sleepiness. However, there is still limited evidence on the caffeine use habits of elite youth athletes and the extent to which these options exist within their usual diets. Although there is increased recognition about the importance of sleep for athletes, the reasons for sleep disturbances are

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Katherine A. Tamminen, Kaleigh Ferdinand Pennock, and Courtney Braun

than nonathletes ( Lam, Valier, Bay, & McLeod, 2013 ; Snyder et al., 2010 ). However, sport can also be stressful, particularly at the elite or competitive level. Competitive youth athletes frequently report stressors associated with their sport participation, including coaches overemphasizing winning

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Thomas Sawczuk, Ben Jones, Mitchell Welch, Clive Beggs, Sean Scantlebury, and Kevin Till

psychological stress affects this immune response by a similar magnitude when compared with physical stress. 8 Given that youth athletes are subjected to a unique set of academic, maturational, and social stressors alongside their sporting demands (ie, their training/match load and associated travel

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Tiffany Toong, Katherine E. Wilson, Anne W. Hunt, Shannon Scratch, Carol DeMatteo, and Nick Reed

Specific to pediatric concussion, Reed et al 8 examined maximal upper and lower body strength performance preconcussion and postconcussion in a group of youth ice hockey players. Following a concussion, youth athletes showed reduced upper and lower body strength performance compared with noninjured

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Mayrena I. Hernandez, Kevin M. Biese, Dan A. Schaefer, Eric G. Post, David R. Bell, and M. Alison Brooks

, 7 These recommendations include time-based measurements for sport participation—such as months per year and hours per week, as well as avoiding participating in multiple leagues at the same time—to provide guidelines for youth athletes in organized sport to help prevent overuse injury. 7 , 13 , 14

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Thomas Sawczuk, Ben Jones, Sean Scantlebury, and Kevin Till

and CMJ, PRS, and DWB in a youth athlete cohort. In addition to training load, sleep has previously shown relationships with changes in mood, and injury and illness risk, as well as being implicated with the overtraining syndrome ( 3 , 25 , 26 , 30 ). Previous studies have eschewed the use of self

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Zachary M. Gillen, Lacey E. Jahn, Marni E. Shoemaker, Brianna D. McKay, Alegra I. Mendez, Nicholas A. Bohannon, and Joel T. Cramer

greater concentric jump performance. 7 , 8 , 16 Although the DJ seems to improve power output in adults, using DJs of various heights have shown either equivocal or decreased jump performance in children and adolescents. 1 , 2 , 17 – 19 As youth athletes often do not have fully developed skeletal

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Amanda J. Visek, Heather Mannix, Avinash Chandran, Sean D. Cleary, Karen A. McDonnell, and Loretta DiPietro

Fun is the primary determinant of youth athletes’ continued sport participation ( Gardner, Magee, & Vella, 2016 ; Petlichkoff, 1992 ; Scanlan, Carpenter, Schmidt, Simmons, & Keeler, 1993 ; Scanlan & Simmons, 1992 ; Tuffey, Medbery & Gould, 2006 ; Yungblut, Schinke, & McGannon, 2012 ); thus