This study experimentally tested whether White participants (N = 274) applied stereotypes to Black and White professional quarterbacks. Using common stereotypical descriptors established in prior research, this between-subjects experiment found that while the participants did not stereotype White quarterbacks, they did apply the stereotypes of “physically strong” and “naturally gifted” to Black quarterbacks, thus othering, or using race to establish an out group. These results are interpreted through the framework of social-identity theory.
Ferrucci is with the Dept. of Journalism, University of Colorado–Boulder, Boulder, CO. Tandoc is with the Div. of Journalism and Publishing, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.