Combination of Sago and Soy-Protein Supplementation During Endurance Cycling Exercise and Subsequent High-Intensity Endurance Capacity

in International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
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The purpose of the study was to investigate whether a combination of sago and soy protein ingested during moderate-intensity cycling exercise can improve subsequent high-intensity endurance capacity compared with a carbohydrate in the form of sago and with a placebo. The participants were 8 male recreational cyclists with age, weight, and VO2max of 21.5 ± 1.1 yr, 63.3 ± 2.4 kg, and 39.9 ± 1.1 ml · kg−1 · min−1, respectively. The design of the study was a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled crossover comprising 60 min of exercise on a cycle ergometer at 60% VO2max followed by a time-to-exhaustion ride at 90% VO2max. The sago feeding provided 60 g of carbohydrate, and the sago-soy combination provided 52.5 g of carbohydrate and 15 g of protein, both at 20-min intervals during exercise. Times to exhaustion for the placebo, sago, and sago-soy supplementations were 4.09 ± 1.28, 5.49 ± 1.20, and 7.53 ± 2.02 min, respectively. Sago-soy supplementation increased endurance by 84% (44–140%; p < .001) and by 37% (15–63%; p < .05) relative to placebo and sago, respectively. The plasma insulin response was elevated above that with placebo during sago and sago-soy supplementations. The authors conclude that a combination of sago and soy protein can delay fatigue during high-intensity cycling.

Ghosh is with the Sports Centre, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Rahaman and Singh are with the Sports Science Unit, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia.