Impact of Exercise Timing on Chemosensory Response, Appetite, and Energy Intake in Lean Males

in International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
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Background: High-intensity exercise can have an anorectic impact, leading to negative energy balance. Several studies have reported that the practice of physical activity could also cause a shift in perceptions and preferences, causing a change in food intakes. Objective: This study aimed to question to what extent the timing of exercise in relation to a meal could have an impact on olfaction and gustation, appetite, and food choices. Methods: Twelve males aged 25 (4) years with a body mass index of 22.4 (2.0) kg/m2 attended two experimental visits in a counterbalanced fashion. The participants consumed a standardized breakfast between 7:00 and 7:30 a.m. and were subjected to smell and taste tests upon arrival at the laboratory (8:30 a.m.). In the EX9:40 visit, the participants performed a 30-min exercise session (70% of maximum oxygen uptake) at 9:40 a.m., followed by a 90-min sedentary break. In EX10:30, the participants first took part in the 90-min sedentary break and then performed the 30-min exercise session at 10:30 a.m. Taste and smell tests were performed again at 11:40 a.m., immediately followed by an ad libitum buffet-style meal. Visual analog scales were used to report appetite sensations during the session and satiety quotients around the lunch. Results: There was no difference in energy intakes between the EX9:40 (596 [302] kcal) and EX10:30 (682 [263] kcal) conditions (p = .459). There was no condition effect for the taste and smell sensations (all ps > .05), appetite sensation, or satiety quotients around the meal (all ps > .05). Conclusion: Exercise timing in the morning had no effect on taste and smell perceptions, appetite sensations, or energy intakes.

Josaphat and Mathieu are with the School of Kinesiology and Exercise Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Drapeau is with the Department of Physical Education, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. Thivel is with University Clermont Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France, and the Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France. Mathieu is also with Sainte-Justine University Hospital Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Mathieu (me.mathieu@umontreal.ca) is corresponding author.
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