Biomechanical Variables and the Perception of Cushioning for Running in Various Types of Footwear

in Journal of Applied Biomechanics
View More View Less
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $90.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $120.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $172.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $229.00

Using a 15-point rating scale, subjects rated perception of cushioning during running on a treadmill with three different footwear constructions of varying midsole hardness. During overground running, various biomechanical ground reaction force and pressure variables were collected and compared to the perception of cushioning scores. The perception scores identified the three shoes as very hard, medium soft, and soft. Peak pressures in the heel, the force rate, and the median power frequency of the impact force signal demonstrated increases in values with the perception of less cushioning. In the harder shoes, the subjects altered the loading patterns under their feet, resulting in lower impact forces and increased weight bearing of the forefoot structures.

Ewald M. Hennig is with Biomechanik Labor, Universitӓt Essen, Postfach 103 764, 45117 Essen, Germany. Gordon A. Valiant and Qi Liu are with the Nike Research Laboratory, Beaverton, OR 97005-6453.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1280 800 86
Full Text Views 101 44 12
PDF Downloads 89 23 6