Drop Landing Biomechanics in Individuals With and Without a Concussion History

in Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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  • 1 California State University, Fullerton
  • | 2 University of Georgia
  • | 3 Western University
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Research has identified an increased risk of lower extremity injury postconcussion, which may be due to aberrant biomechanics during dynamic tasks. The purpose of this study was to compare the drop landing biomechanics between individuals with and without a concussion history. Twenty-five individuals with and 25 without a concussion history were matched on age (±3 y), sex, and body mass index (±1 kg/m2). Three-dimensional landing biomechanics were recorded to obtain dependent variables (peak vertical ground reaction force, loading rate, knee flexion angle and external moment, knee abduction angle and external moment, and knee flexion and abduction angle at ground contact). A 1-way multivariate analysis of variance compared outcomes between groups. There was no difference in drop landing biomechanics between individuals with and without a concussion history (F10,39 = 0.460, P = .877, Wilk Λ = .918). There was an effect of time since concussion on knee flexion characteristics. Time since most recent concussion explained a significant amount of variation in both peak (ΔR2 = .177, β = −0.305, ΔP = .046) and initial ground contact (ΔR2 = .292, β = −0.204, ΔP = .008) knee flexion angle after covarying for sex and body mass index. Therefore, time since concussion should be considered when evaluating biomechanical patterns.

Kasamatsu and Wilson are with, and Shumski and Pamukoff were with the Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, Fullerton, CA, USA. Shumski is also with the UGA Concussion Research Laboratory and Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA. Pamukoff is with the School of Kinesiology, Western University, London, ON, Canada.

Shumski (eric.shumski@uga.edu) is corresponding author.
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