Self-Selected Walking Speed Is Predictive of Daily Ambulatory Activity in Older Adults

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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Daily ambulatory activity is associated with health and functional status in older adults; however, assessment requires multiple days of activity monitoring. The objective of this study was to determine the relative capabilities of self-selected walking speed (SSWS), maximal walking speed (MWS), and walking speed reserve (WSR) to provide insight into daily ambulatory activity (steps per day) in community-dwelling older adults. Sixty-seven older adults completed testing and activity monitoring (age 80.39 [6.73] years). SSWS (R2 = .51), MWS (R2 = .35), and WSR calculated as a ratio (R2 = .06) were significant predictors of daily ambulatory activity in unadjusted linear regression. Cutpoints for participants achieving < 8,000 steps/day were identified for SSWS (≤ 0.97 m/s, 44.2% sensitivity, 95.7% specificity, 10.28 +LR, 0.58 −LR) and MWS (≤ 1.39 m/s, 60.5% sensitivity, 78.3% specificity, 2.79 +LR, 0.50 −LR). SSWS may be a feasible proxy for assessing and monitoring daily ambulatory activity in older adults.

Middleton, Herter, and Fritz are with the Department of Exercise Science, Division of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Fulk is with the Department of Physical Therapy, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY. Beets is with the Department of Exercise Science, Division of Health Aspects of Physical Activity, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.

Address author correspondence to Addie Middleton at addie@jamiddleton.net.