Cross-Sectional and Prospective Relationship Between Low-to-Moderate–Intensity Physical Activity and Chronic Diseases in Older Adults From 13 European Countries

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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Aim: To assess the relationship between low-to-moderate–intensity physical activity (LMPA) in 2011 and chronic diseases in 2011 and 2013 among older European adults. Methods: Participants (16,157 men and 21,260 women) from 13 European countries were interviewed about the presence of chronic conditions and LMPA. The association between LMPA and number of chronic diseases was assessed using logistic regression models. Results: Most of the older adults participated in LMPA more than once a week (81.9%), 8.4% participated once a week, and 9.3% did not participate. The prevalence of chronic diseases was significantly lower among those who reported engaging in LMPA. The LMPA in 2011 was related with lower odds of having several chronic diseases in 2013. Conclusion: Engaging in LMPA is associated with reduced risk for chronic diseases in older European men and women. Even the practice of LMPA once a week seems to be enough to diminish the risk of having chronic diseases.

Marques and Peralta are with the Centro Interdisciplinar de Estudo da Performance Humana, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal. Marques is also with the Centro de Investigação em Saúde Pública, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal. Marques and Valeiro are also with the Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte y la Educación Física, Universidad de A Coruña, A Coruña, España. Martins is with the Laboratório de Pedagogia, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana e UIDEF, Instituto de Educação, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal. Gouveia is with the Dept. of Physical Education and Sport, University of Madeira, Funchal, Portugal; and Madeira Interactive Technologies Institute, Funchal, Portugal. Valeiro is also with Grupo de Investigación en Educación, Salud y Actividad Física: Estudios de Género, Universidad de A Coruña, A Coruña, España.

Address author correspondence to Adilson Marques at amarques@fmh.ulisboa.pt.
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