Effects of Physical Activity Governmental Programs on Health Status in Independent Older Adults: A Systematic Review

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This systematic review analyzes the evidence of the effects of physical activity governmental programs oriented toward the health of independent older adults. Medline, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Psychology & Behavioral Sciences Collection databases were used for data mining, and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols recommendations were followed. Five studies (n = 2,545 participants) fulfilled the established inclusion criteria. The physical activity programs had beneficial effects on the older adults’ quality of life, fall risk, activities of daily living, physical activity levels, nutritional risk, body mass index, arterial pressure, resting heart rate, blood glucose, triglycerides, and/or cholesterol, but did not significantly alter their body fat mass percentage. Programs involving diverse physical capacities seem to be more effective for healthy aging. It is recommended that governments start to disseminate the outcomes of these programs within society and the scientific community.

Valdés-Badilla is with the Institute of Physical Activity and Health, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Temuco, Chile; Physical Education Pedagogy, Faculty of Education, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Temuco, Chile; and the Doctoral Program in Physical Activity Sciences, Faculty of Education Sciences, Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile. Gutiérrez-García is with the Universidad de León, León, Spain. Pérez-Gutiérrez is with the Dept. of Education, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain. Vargas-Vitoria is with the Faculty of Education Sciences, Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile. López-Fuenzalida is with Kinesiology Career, Dept. of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Address author correspondence to Pablo Antonio Valdés-Badilla at pablo.valdes@uautonoma.cl.
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