Changes in Health-Related Quality of Life and Physical Activity Among Older Adults in the First-Wave COVID-19 Outbreak: A Longitudinal Analysis

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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The current study aimed to follow the effects of social/physical distancing strategies on health-related daily physical activity and quality of life among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Seventy-two older adults who were enrolled in a University–Community program in March 2020 (age = 66.8 ± 4.82 years, ♀59) answered five phone-based surveys up to 120 days after the COVID-19 outbreak (from April to August 2020). The Short Form 6D and international physical activity (short version) questionnaires were applied. A significant reduction was observed in daily physical activity levels, metabolic equivalent of task, and health-related quality of life scores as well as an increase in sitting time during the week and on weekend days (all p < .01). The authors noted differences in lifestyle conditions at the beginning of the social/physical distancing in the community assessed (p < .01). Health vulnerabilities among older adults have been emphasized during the COVID-19 outbreak, impacting daily physical activity and health-related quality of life.

Nascimento and Bezerra are with the Post-Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil. Barbosa Filho is with the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Ceara, Aracati, Brazil; and the Research Group for Physical Activity, Health and School, Post-Graduate Program of Collective Health, Ceara State University, Fortaleza, Brazil. Rech is with the Post-Graduate Program in Physical Education, Centro de Desportos, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil. Brasil and Bezerra are with the Human Performance Laboratory, Faculdade de Educação Física e Fisioterapia, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil. Freire Junior and Streit are with the Post-Graduate Program in Human Movement Sciences, Faculdade de Educação Física e Fisioterapia, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil.

Bezerra (ewertton_bezerra@ufam.edu.br) is corresponding author.

Supplementary Materials

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