The Home Advantage: Performance Effects in Female Collegiate Division I Gymnastics

in Journal of Coaching Education

The current study investigated the performance effects of competing at home or away venues in female collegiate Division I gymnastics. Teams (N = 15) selected for analyses were ranked in the top 25 nationally at the end of each regular season during the period of 2003 to 2007 with the exclusion of 2005. Each team’s total scores at all regular season home meets over the four years were compiled and compared to their respective away meet total scores. A repeated measures analysis of variance revealed home scores to be significantly higher than away scores. Additionally, with the introduction of the Judges’ Assignor System (JAS) in 2005, team scores at home and away were compared before and after its introduction. Team scores were significantly higher at home prior to and following the introduction of JAS. However, performance scores were found to be significantly reduced at both home and away with JAS. The results of this study suggest that teams perform significantly better at home than away. In addition, the findings suggest that JAS has significantly reduced gymnastics scores, yet has not significantly altered the effects of competing away from home. Findings are discussed in light of current research and application for coaches and officials is provided.

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Timothy Baghurst Department of Health Science, Kinesiology, Recreation, and Dance College of Education and Health Professions 308 HPER Building Fayetteville, AR, 72701 E-mail: baghurst@sbcglobal.net Phone: (479) 575-3208 Fax: (479) 575-3119
Journal of Coaching Education
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