Results from Canada’s 2014 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health

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Casey E. Gray
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Joel D. Barnes
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Jennifer Cowie Bonne
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Christine Cameron
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Jean-Philippe Chaput
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Guy Faulkner
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Ian Janssen
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Peter T. Katzmarzyk
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Angela M. Kolen
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Stephen R. Manske
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Art Salmon
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John C. Spence
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Brian W. Timmons
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Mark S. Tremblay
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Background:

The Active Healthy Kids Canada (AHKC) Report Card consolidates and translates research and assesses how Canada is being responsible in providing physical activity opportunities for children (3- to 11-years-old) and youth (12- to 17-years-old). The primary aim of this article is to summarize the results of the 2014 AHKC 10th Anniversary Report Card.

Methods:

Ten physical activity indicators were graded using the AHKC Report Card development process, which includes a synthesis of the best available research, surveillance, policy and practice findings, and expert consensus.

Results:

Grades assigned were for: ‘Behaviors that Contribute to Overall Physical Activity Levels’ (Overall Physical Activity Levels, D-; Organized Sport Participation, C+; Active Play, INCOMPLETE; Active Transportation, D; Sedentary Behaviors, F), ‘Settings and Sources of Influence’ (Family and Peers, C; School, C+; and Community and the Built Environment, B+), and ‘Strategies and Investments’ (Government Strategies and Investments, C; and Non-Government Strategies and Investments, A-).

Conclusions:

Despite good availability of policies, programs, and infrastructure, the overall physical activity levels of Canadian children and youth remain low while sedentary behavior levels remain high. As with many nations, there is room for improvement in most physical activity behaviors and some sources of influence.

Gray (corresponding author: casgray@cheo.on.ca), Barnes, Chaput, and Tremblay are with the Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada. Cowie Bonne is with Active Healthy Kids Canada, Toronto, Canada. Cameron is with the Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada. Faulkner is with the Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. Janssen is with the School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Dept of Public Health Sciences, Queen’s University, Kingston, Canada. Katzmarzyk is with the Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA. Kolen is with the Dept of Human Kinetics, St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Canada. Manske is with the Propel Centre for Population Health Impact, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada. Salmon is with the Ontario Ministry of Tourism, Culture, and Sport, Toronto, Canada. Spence is with the Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. Timmons is with the Child Health and Exercise Medicine Program, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.

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