Results from Mozambique’s 2014 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Background:

This paper describes the procedures and development of the first Mozambican Report Card on Physical Activity in Children and Adolescents.

Methods:

Comprehensive searches for data related to indicators of physical activity (PA) were completed by a committee of physical activity and sports specialists. Grades were assigned to each indicator consistent with the process and methodology outlined by the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card model.

Results:

Seven indicators of PA were graded. The following grades were assigned: Overall Physical Activity Levels, B; Organized Sport Participation, F; Active Play, C; Active Transportation, B; Schools, C; Community and the Built Environment, F; and Government, C. Sedentary Behaviors and Family and Peers were not graded due to the lack of available information.

Conclusions:

PA behaviors of children and young people of Mozambique are positively influenced by the rural environment and are largely related to subsistence activities and outdoor play, and absence of motorized transport. In turn, urban areas are declining in active habits and opportunities due largely to rapid urbanization and lack of planning that favors active transport and play.

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Prista (corresponding author: aprista1@gmail.com), Ribeiro, Libombo, and Daca are with the Faculdade de Educação Física e Desporto, Universidade Pedagógica, Maputo, Moçambique. Prista, Ribeiro, and Daca are also with the Centro de Investigação e Desenvolvimento em Desporto e Actividade Física, Universidade Pedagógica, Maputo, Moçambique. Picardo is with the Instituto Nacional de Educação, MINED, Moçambique.