Physical activity (PA) promotion in children and youth is an impetus for prevention and control of NCD morbidity and mortality, but evidence is needed for effective interventions. The aim of the present paper is to summarize the results of the 2013 Nigerian Report Card on Physical Activity for children and youth.
The Technical Report Committee conducted a comprehensive review of available literature in Nigeria. Grades were assigned to 10 PA indicators modeled after the Active Healthy Kids Canada (AHKC) grading system.
Specific grades were assigned for several indicators: Overall Physical Activity Levels, C; Organized Sport and Physical Activity Participation, Incomplete; Active Play and Leisure, C-; Active Transportation, B; Sedentary Behaviors, F; Overweight and Obesity, B+. The following indicators were graded as INCOMPLETE: Physical Activity in School setting, Family and Peers, Community and Built Environment, and Government Strategies and Investments.
PA levels of Nigerian children and youth are moderate while sedentary behaviors are high. The development of national guidelines for PA and sedentary behaviors can better inform policy and practice on healthy living among Nigerian children and youth.
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Akinroye (corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org) and Ojo are with the Nigerian Heart Foundation, Lagos, Nigeria. Oyeyemi is with the Dept of Physiotherapy, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria. Odukoya and Ozomata with the Dept of Community Health and Primary Care, University of Lagos, Nigeria. Adeniyi is with the Dept of Physiotherapy, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital, Nigeria. Adedoyin and Awotidebe are with the Dept of Medical Rehabilitation, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria. Alawode is with the Dept of Community Medicine, Federal Medical Center, Nigeria.