Results from Scotland’s 2013 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Background:

The Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card aims to consolidate existing evidence, facilitate international comparisons, encourage more evidence-informed physical activity and health policy, and improve surveillance of physical activity.

Methods:

Application of the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card process and methodology to Scotland, adapted to Scottish circumstances and availability of data.

Results:

The Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card 2013 consists of indicators of 7 Health Behaviors and Outcomes and 3 Influences on Health Behaviors and Outcomes. Grades of F were assigned to Overall Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior (recreational screen time), and Obesity Prevalence. A C was assigned to Active Transportation and a D- was assigned to Diet. Two indicators, Active and Outdoor Play and Organized Sport Participation, could not be graded. Among the Influences, Family Influence received a D, while Perceived Safety, Access, and Availability of Spaces for Physical Activity and the National Policy Environment graded more favorably with a B.

Conclusions:

The Active Healthy Kids Canada process and methodology was readily generalizable to Scotland. The report card illustrated low habitual physical activity and extremely high levels of screen-based sedentary behavior, and highlighted several opportunities for improved physical activity surveillance and promotion strategies.

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Reilly (corresponding author: john.j.reilly@strath.ac.uk) is with the Physical Activity for Health Group, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland. Dick and McNeill are with the Institute of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen Medical School, Aberdeen, Scotland. Tremblay is with the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada.

Journal of Physical Activity and Health