Background:

The ParticipACTION Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth is the most comprehensive assessment of child and youth physical activity in Canada and provides an update or “state of the nation” that assesses how Canada is doing at promoting and facilitating physical activity opportunities for children and youth. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the results of the 2016 ParticipACTION Report Card.

Methods:

Twelve physical activity indicators were graded by a committee of experts using a process that was informed by the best available evidence. Sources included national surveys, peer-reviewed literature, and gray literature such as government and nongovernment reports and online content.

Results:

Grades were assigned to Daily Behaviors (Overall Physical Activity: D-; Organized Sport and Physical Activity Participation: B; Active Play: D+; Active Transportation: D; Physical Literacy: D+; Sleep: B; Sedentary Behaviors: F), Settings and Sources of Influence (Family and Peers: C+; School: B; Community and Environment: A-), and Strategies and Investments (Government: B-; Nongovernment: A-).

Conclusions:

Similar to previous years of the Report Card, Canada generally received good grades for indicators relating to investment, infrastructure, strategies, policies, and programming, and poor grades for behavioral indicators (eg, Overall Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviors).

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Barnes, Chaput, and Tremblay are with the Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Cameron is with the Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Carson and Spence are with the Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Faulkner is with the School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Janson and LeBlanc are with the Dept of Communications and Public Relations, ParticipACTION, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Janssen is with the School of Physical and Health Education, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Kramers is with the Recreation and Physical Activity Division, Alberta Government, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Barnes (jbarnes@cheo.on.ca) is corresponding author.